General Sir James Hope Grant
Sir James Hope Grant (1808 -  1875),  was the fifth
and youngest son of Francis Grant of Kilgraston,
Perthshire, and brother of Sir Francis Grant, PRA.

He entered the army in 1826 as cornet in the 9th
Lancers, and became lieutenant in 1828 and captain in
1835. In 1842 he was brigade-major to Lord Saltoun
in the First Opium War, and specially distinguished
himself at the capture of Chin-Kiang, after which he
received the rank of major and the CB.

In the First Anglo-Sikh War of 1845-1846 he took
part in the battle of Sobraon; and in the Punjab
campaign of 1848-1849 he commanded the 9th
Lancers, and won high reputation in the battles of
Chillianwalla and Guzerat (Gujarat).

He was promoted brevet lieutenant-colonel and
shortly afterwards to the same substantive rank. In
1854 he became brevet-colonel, and in 1856
brigadier of cavalry. He took a leading part in the
suppression of the Indian mutiny of 1857, holding for
some time the command of the cavalry division, and
afterwards of a movable column of horse and foot.
After rendering valuable service in the operations before Delhi and in the final assault on the city, he directed the victorious
march of the cavalry and horse artillery despatched in the direction of Cawnpore to open up communication with the commander-
in-chief Sir Cohn Campbell, whom he met near the Alambagh, and who raised him to the rank of brigadier-general, and placed the
whole force under his command during what remained of the perilous march to Lucknow for the relief of the residency. After the
retirement towards Cawnpore he greatly aided in effecting there the total rout of the rebel troops, by making a detour which
threatened their rear; and following in pursuit with a flying column, he defeated them with the loss of nearly all their guns at
Serai Ghat.

He also took part in the operations connected with the recapture of Lucknow, shortly after which he was promoted to the rank of
major-general, and appointed to the command of the force employed for the final pacification of India, a position in which his
unwearied energy, and his vigilance and caution united to high personal daring, rendered very valuable service. Before the work of
pacification was quite completed he was created KCB. In 1859 he was appointed, with the local rank of lieutenant-general, to the
command of the British land forces in the united French and British expedition against China. The object of the campaign was
accomplished within three months of the landing of the forces at Pei-tang (August 1, 1860). The Taku Forts had been carried by
assault, the Chinese defeated three times in the open and Peking occupied.

For his conduct in this, which has been called the most successful and the best carried out of England's little wars, he received
the thanks of parliament and was gazetted GCB. In 1861 he was made lieutenant-general and appointed commander-in-chief of the
army of Madras; on his return to England in 1865 he was made quartermaster-general at headquarters; and in 1870 he was
transferred to the command of the camp at Aldershot, where he took a leading part in the reform of the educational and training
systems of the forces, which followed the Franco-German War. In 1872 he was gazetted general and he died in London on the 7th
of March 1875 and was buried in the Grange Cemetery in Edinburgh

James Hope Grant's medals were formerly part of the Brian Ritchie collection and appeared at auction in September 2004. They
fetched £68,000 and consisted of :


  • G.C.B.

  • Sutlej for Sobraon (Major Jas. Hope Grant, C.B. 9th Lancers)

  • Punjab 2 clasps Chilianwala, Goojerat (Major J.H. Grant, C.B. 9th Lancers)

  • Indian Mutiny 2 clasps Delhi,Lucknow (Brigr. Genl. Sir J.H. Grant K.C.B)

  • China 3 clasps China 1842,Taku Forts 1860,Pekin 1860
    (Lt. Genl. Sir J.H. Grant, G.C.B. Comr of the Forces)

  • France Legion of Honour