SOUTH AFRICA MEDAL 1853

Awarded for Service in South Africa 1834-53.

NAMED TO: 1472 Private Geo. Caswell 6th Regt. Foot (Warwickshire)

NAME: GEORGE CASWELL
BORN: Parish of Stony Stratford, Buckingham, Around November 1818.
ENTERED SERVICE: Attested at Leeds, Yorkshire 4/11/1839  "Aged 21 Years"
DIED:

SERVICE HISTORY:

04 Nov 1839 : Attested in Leeds 'Aged 21 years' and makes way to Depot at Chatham. Regiment was at that time in Bombay,
India.
Aug 1840 : In Hospital 17-19th and 24 -31st.
28 Sep 1840 : On Escort Duty to London (Guard).
Dec 1840 : Listed as being on Guard.
13 Jan 1841 : 6th Foot arrives from India and Moves to Canterbury.
16 Mar 1841 : Begins recruiting in Nottingham.
01 Apr 1841 : Begins recruiting in Chipping Norton.
27-30 Apr 1841 :  Depot moves to Deal (Kent), 2 lots of men marching for 2 days.
01 July - 22 Oct 1841:  Recruiting in Towcester (Northants.).
01 Apr 1842 : Begins to be listed as 'Casewell'.
18 - 20 Aug 1842 : Moves from Deal to Gosport. (147 Miles and given 7 hot meals!)
Oct 1842 : With Unit at Portsmouth.
Jan - Mar 1843 : Spends 31 days in Hospital (Unpaid).
May 1843 : On Guard on Muster (normally the 31st).
04 July 1843 - 04 Dec 1844 : On Detachment at Newtown, Isle of Man.
Oct - Dec 1843 : 6th Foot moves to Chester.
22 - 24 July 1844 : Pay Forfeit by Order of Commanding Officer - No reason in Muster Book.
04 Dec - 09 Dec 1844 : On Ship between Isle of Man and Liverpool, from there to Dublin to rejoin Regt.
Dec 1844 : Regt. moved to Dublin.
Feb 1845 : On Guard at Muster.
18 - 21 Aug 1845 : Caswell and 116 others move to Mullingar as part of a Regimental move.
Nov 1845 : On Guard at Muster.
06 Dec 1845 - 11 Apr 1846 : Detached at Tyrrellspass (a town to the East of Athlone on the road to Dublin.)
11 - 12 Apr 1846 : Marches between Tyrrellspass and Athlone.
15 - 26 Apr 1846 : Marches between Athlone and Cork. 6th Foot having moved to Cork.
01 Jul 1846 : Listed as 'Caswell' again.
27 & 28 Aug 1846 : Regiment sails from Cork for South Africa.
11 Nov 1846 : Arrives at Cape of Good Hope (Alogoa Bay), they move to join Somerset's 2nd Division on frontier.
12 Nov 1846 - Jan 1847 : Employed in Patrolling, the Unit then mounted an expedition across the Kei River under the command of
Lt Col. Michel. Atrocious weather hampers operations and has bad effect on troops who are mostly no better than recruits.  
Mar 1847 : 6th Foot listed in the muster books as being at Eastern Transvaal, C.o.G.H.
24 April 1847 : Granted 1d/day Good Conduct Pay.
May 1847 : On Guard at Muster. Regiment is reviewed by the C-in-C Sir George Berkeley at Fort Peddie and found to be wanting.
Oct - Dec 1847 : 6 days in hospital at Fort Peddie.
Jan 1848 : After poor review in May the 6th is ordered back to the Cape, Caswell is at Fort Albert.
23 Feb 1848 : Forfeits Good Conduct Pay. No reason specified.
Jun 1848 : Unit reviewed by Sir Harry Smith who is satisfied that they have improved.
20 - 22 Jun 1848 : In Prison.
22 Jun 1848 : Regimental Court Martial - Cape Town: Habitual Drunkenness (22 Days with Hard Labour)
and loss of 1d/day  G.C. for 6 months.
01 -11 Jul 1848 : Provost (Regt. Cells at Cape Town).
01 - 06 Sep 1848, 01 - 07 Jun 1849 &  06 - 12 Aug 1849 : Provost.
Jan 1850 & Feb 1850 : On Duty at Muster.
Apr - Jun 1850 : Detached with the Light Company including 54 days at sea.
Jul - Sep 1850 : 6th Foot HQ moves to King Williamstown with Regt. listed as being in 'British Kaffaria' , they were replacing the
Rifle Brigade and arrived in time for the 3rd time of hostilities. (8th Kaffir War or Cape Frontier War started in Dec 1850).
Nov 1850 - Mar 1851 : Listed with about 3/4 of the Regt. as being Detached.
24 Dec 1850 - Captain Robertson leads a force of 244 Officers & men out of Fort Cox (including Caswell) to attempt the capture of
Chief Sandili. They are ambushed in the Boomah pass and lose 10 men before fighting through to Kieskamma Hoek. The force then
returned to Fort Cox where they left 68 men under Capt. Mansergh to hold the Fort. The Fort was attacked constantly throughout
Jan.
Feb 1851 : 2 Companies in convoy to supply Forts White & Cox.
Mar 1851 : Listed as Casewell again, Regt. back at C.o.G.H. (King Williamstown).
Sep 1851 : 6th form part of Col. Mackinnon's force which swept the bush along the Fish River and accompanied Somerset's
expedition to the Kroome Mountains. They were in the field for a month with no tents in rain and sleet and suffered some
casualties. At this time the Regt. gained the name of  the 'Daring Doylers' due to the high no. of Irishmen in the Regt.
Late Nov 1851 : In Mackinnon's force that sweeps beyond the River Kei.
09 Dec 1851 : Regt. Captures a Kaffir stronghold after a bayonet charge.
Jan 1852 : 6th Foot put to work devestating Kaffir crops and Kraals.
26 Feb 1852 : 47 men of the Regt. (Recruits from England) drowned when the 'HMS Birkenhead' sinks off  Point Danger, Cape
Town.
30 Mar 1852 : Regt. crosses Kei River and attacks Waterkloof and Blinkwater.
May - Aug 1852 : Patrolling in the Amotola Mountains.
06 Aug 1852 : 6th Foot mount a raid into Chief Kreli's country.
01 Sep 1852 : In Prison.
Oct 1852 : Listed as being Detached (the Regt spent the next 2 years on road building to open up Keiskamma Hoek).
May 1853 : 6th Foot at Keiskamma Hoek.
Oct - Dec 1853 : 24 Men transfer to Cape Mounted Rifles, this continues into the next year.
11 Mar 1854 : In Prison awaiting D.C.M.
21 Mar 1854 : District Court Martial -Keiskammahoek : Habitual Drunkenness (42 Days with Hard Labour and loss of  1d/day for 2
years).
01 May 1854 - 31 Jun 1855 : Listed as Detached with the greater part of the Regt., from the muster rolls it seems that they were
at Keiskammahoek with the HQ element at Grahamstown.
19 - 21 Sep 1855 : In Prison awaiting R.C.M.
22 Sep 1855 : Regimental Court Martial - Grahamstown : Habitual Drunkenness/Absence (42 Days H.L, (served only 20 days -
remainder  remitted) and loss of 1d/day  for 6 months).
13 Oct 1855 : Released from Prison.
Nov 1855 : Unit at Grahamstown.
Jul - Sep 1856 : 25 Days in Hospital.
06 - 09 Oct 1856 : In Prison awaiting R.C.M.
10 Oct 1856 Regimental Court Martial - Fort Peddie : Habitual Drunkenness (42 Days with Hard Labour and loss of 1d/day for 6
months).
18 - 22 Dec 1856 : In Prison awaiting R.C.M.
23 Dec 1856 Regimental Court Martial - Camp Toise River : Habitual Drunkenness (28 Days with H.L. and loss of 1d/day for 6
months).
20 Jan - 30 Jun 1857 : Detached at Fort Peddie.
20 Dec 1857 : 6th Foot leaves South Africa for India.
19 Jan 1858 :  Arrives at Calcutta, India (Indian Mutiny began in May 1857).
Apr 1858 : 6th Foot at Benares, Caswell listed as being on a march.
09 Aug 1858 : Regimental Board finds Caswell Unfit for further Duty. Caswell begins journey to Calcutta.
23 Sep 1858 : Leaves Calcutta for England.
08 Feb 1859 : Discharged at Chatham.

REMARKS:

Discharged 09/08/1858 due to Disability (Chronic Bronchitis/Poor Eyesight) at Beneras (Now Benaras)
(Members of Regimental Board: Lt John Thomson Bowers (Pres.), Lt Henry John Lawrell, Lt Thomas Folliot Powell. Regimental
Colonel: Henry James Riddel K.H.)
Final Discharge: Chatham  08/02/1859 (Described as being 40 2/12 yrs old, 5' 7.5'' Tall , Brown hair, Grey eyes, Fair complexion
and a trade description of Laborer (sic.)

A note in Soldiers Discharge records from a Dr Maclauchlan (20 Jan 1862) reads:
Very slight cloudiness of both cornea, suffers from Chronic Bronchitis and his general health seems indifferent

Although only accredited with the 1853 medal, Caswell also fought in the 2nd War (1846-47) along with a large no. of the Regt.

Indian Mutiny Medals were awarded to members of the 1st Bn 6th Foot for battles fought from Nov 1858 onwards (Caswell left in
Aug 1858). The 6th Foot suffered no casualties during the Mutiny.

Admitted to Chelsea Out-Patients on 08 Feb 1859 and granted a pension of 6d/day on a 3 year temporary basis, this was later
changed to permanent. His place of residence was given as Northampton and changed to Leeds on 01 Oct 1863.

Ref: Medal WO100/17 Page 59, Discharge Papers WO97/1401, Pension Book WO23/42 & WO116/75
Muster Rolls WO12/2408-2429. 'South Africa Medal Roll 1853 by G.R.Everson'.

Possible Death Ref: Dec Qtr 1863 York 9d 11.
George Caswell - 6th Foot - Served 1839 to 1860