James Bunting is enlisted for the Chatham Division of the Royal Marines on the 30th of September 1836 by Corporal Alexander McNeil
at Bury St. Edmunds and paid a bounty of £3. The following day, Bunting made his oath in front of a Magistrate (John George Probert)
and a witness (Joseph Whiting, RM Sergeant) and stated his age to be 20 years and 6 months and that his trade was that of
Labourer, he was officially attested into the Royal Marines as of the 1st of October 1836 and joins the 73rd Company as a Private. His
description at enlistment is 5ft 6¼ in tall, 20 years and 6 months old, dark complexion, light hazel eyes, dark brown hair and he was
paid a bounty of two shillings and six pence for enlisting.

Bunting joins the veteran 2nd rate 84 gun ship HMS Ganges on the 27th of October 1838 where he is listed as a Pte. RM 3rd Class,
No.20 on the ships books. The description book of the Ganges (ADM 37/9143) shows him as a 22 year old man, 5ft 7in tall, pale
complexion, dark hair, hazel eyes, he had already had the smallpox and was married.  
The Ganges had been re-commissioned less than 2 weeks previously on the 18th of October 1838 by Lieut. James Fitzjames on behalf
of her Captain, Barrington Reynolds C.B., she was at the time moored in the dock at Portsmouth.
On the morning of the 27th of October 1838 in light winds and fine weather the log states the following officers and marines joined
viz.. Charles Fagan Captain, W.H. Lilicrap 1st Lt., G.S.P. Baker 2nd Lt., 3 Sgts., 3 Cpls., 2 Drummers and 138 marines.

The Ganges remains in the Basin of Portsmouth Harbour until the 2nd of January 1839 when she moves up to Spithead and lays in the
remains of her stores, slipping her moorings for the open sea on the morning of the 4th of February 1839 and heading south and
west. By the afternoon of the 19th of February the ship is running along the coast and the following day she drops anchor in the
mouth of the Tagus river on the western coast of Portugal. A court martial is held on the Ganges of Lt. Fisher of the Tribune on the
22nd and the Ganges then remains on station throughout the next few months.
On the 30th of April 1839, HMS Hastings joins the Ganges and the latter salutes the Queen of Portugal who is on board Hastings, HMS
Daphne is also on the station at that time.
Still in the Tagus on the 10th of June 1839 at 11am, Bunting is unfortunate enough to feel the effects of Naval discipline for himself
when he is punished with 24 lashes for ‘neglect of duty and contempt to his superior officer’ alongside Seamen William Jones (36
lashes for ‘drunkenness and mutinous conduct’) and Marines James Rickets and Henry Goddard (12 lashes for fighting on lower deck).
On the 22nd of June the Ganges is present at the arrival of the Portuguese King on board a British steamer and she fires royal salutes
in his honour.
Early on July 6th 1839 the ship unmoors and in company with HMS Implacable she heads in a south westerly direction out into the
open sea, a few days later passing Gibraltar and entering into the Mediterranean, reaching Gozo by the 24th of July and entering
Valetta Harbour, Malta, on the morning of the following day.

Staying only to water, in company with Implacable and Powerful, the Ganges leaves harbour at 4am on the 28th of July and an hour
later touches land and is required to be hove off, no doubt the Captain decided to ‘vent some spleen’ so he musters the crew and
reads the Articles of War. On the 4th of August the Ganges joins the British Fleet at anchor off Tenedos, Turkey with the French Fleet
in Basiki Bay, here she finds HM Ships Asia (aground), Princess Charlotte, Rodney, Vanguard, Powerful, Bellerophon, Pembroke,
Minden, Tyne & Daphne. The fleet are still present on the 9th of September when Admiral Sir R. Stopford comes on board Ganges and
inspects her exercising at quarters, the month at anchor spent exercising at both the great guns and small arm/cutlass training.

On the 30th of September 1839 at 5.30am the Ganges weighs anchor and as part of the fleet she heads out to sea, staying close to
land and by the 2nd of October the fleet is in the Gulf of Smyrna where they meet HMS Dido, a small Austrian fleet and a Greek and
French Man of War. Ganges, in company with Powerful, Implacable, Dido, Vanguard and Hazard leaves the remainder of the Fleet on
the morning of the 6th of October 1839 and whilst passing St. James Castle at 2.15pm the ship takes the ground and is required to
be hove off by Hazard and Dido which takes over four hours.
The following day Ganges passes down the Bay and observes the rest of the fleet at sail, she also throws overboard 492lbs of beef
under the strange explanation of ‘in consequence of lightening causing it to stink and rendering it unfit for use’, by 2.00pm on the 8th
of October the fleet is back in Basika Bay. On the morning of the 10th of October Ganges sails from the Bay and after a brief stop at
Vourla Bay on the 13th she is back with the fleet on the afternoon of the 15th.

On the 23rd of October 1839, the fleet with the exception of Tyne, Phoenix, Hydra & Gorgon sails from Basika Bay and arrives at
Vourla Bay by the following afternoon, here the Marines are put ashore, no doubt for exercise of some kind as back on the ship there
is plenty of activity for war. The Marines are re-embarked on the 13th of November and the following day the Ganges in company with
Powerful sails to the Gulf of Smyrna, anchoring off the town by the evening of the 15th. The two British ships remain until the morning
of the 28th of November when they sail back to Vourla Bay to rejoin the Flag ship.

1840

The end of 1839 is spent moored in Vourla Bay, and it is not until 5am on the morning of the 14th of January 1840 that the Ganges
raises her anchor and makes all plain sail, tacking to the NE, at least Gorgon and Vanguard in company. By the morning of the 21st of
January she had sighted Malta ahead and by 12.30 she was moored in the Grand Harbour under the Fort of St. Elmo, HM Ships
Vanguard, Bellerophon, Acheron, Castor, Zebra, Daphne, Magpie, Alecto, Hermes & Megeara also moored here. Over the following
weeks the officers and crew do huge amounts of work on cleaning, repairing and overhauling the ship whilst they have the harbour
facilities on hand, and no doubt Ganges was an impressive ship as she was towed from the harbour just after 7am on the 10th of
March 1840 by the steamer Hermes. By the 15th of March the ship has reached Cape St. Angelo and by the 16th at 4.40pm she drops
anchor to the East of HMS Benbow in Vourla Bay, in company with the rest of the Fleet. The next few days are spent distributing
stores that Ganges had brought from Malta to the rest of the ships. At 1pm on the 20th of March 1840 the ship is again on the move,
mooring off Smyrna the following morning.
On the 26th of March Rear Admiral Sir John Louis came aboard and Ganges raises his flag.
Ganges remains at anchor off Smyrna for the better part of three months as she carries out routine tasks and is constantly
registering in the logs the arrivals of various British, French, Sardinian and Austrian vessels. Not until the 4th of June 1840 at dawn
does the ship raise her anchor and in company with the British vessels HMS Powerful, Edinburgh, Hastings & Cyclops as well as a
Sardinian vessel she moves NNE, working her way into Mytilene Roads, dropping anchor at 9.30am on the 5th of June.  The local
Turkish Bey comes on board Ganges and corresponds, being put back over the side an hour later. The small fleet remains off Mytilene
for five days, at 9.30am on the 10th of June the four British ships move off and by 4pm they have dropped anchor in the Bay of
Moscinisi, HMS Asia joining them just over two hours later. By the afternoon of the 13th of June HMS St. George and HMS Hastings
have arrived, the squadron weighing anchor and by dawn of the following day they are anchored off Scio Island (now called Chios)
where talks are held on board the Ganges with the Turkish Governor.
At 11am on the 18th of June the squadron again weighs anchor and by 2.45pm the following day Ganges shortens sail and comes to
again off the town of Mytilene. The squadron remains here until mid-morning on the 20th of June when they move out after sighting
the French Fleet at sail, not joining them however but again passing into the Bay of Moscinisi and going to single anchor by the late
evening of the 20th. This is a quick stop, the squadron being back at sea before first light on the 21st and by the afternoon of the
24th of June is back at Basika Bay near Tenedos. The stay here is to be short, on the 26th of June in company with HMS Powerful and
Edinburgh the Ganges leaves the anchorage and heads SW, arriving at Vourla Bay before noon on the following day, finding there the
French Squadron and the American Corvette Cyane. Over the following days the British ships arrive in a steady stream and on the 9th
of July HMS Hastings is seen to go on shore and it took nearly a whole day and a lot of ships and boats assisting to get her off.  
On the next day, the 11th, Ganges weighs anchor and by 2.15pm they are shortening sail in front of the Consulate at Smyrna, they
remain here for some days, Admiral Sir John Louis leaving the ship on the 15th of July. At dawn on the 16th HMS Ganges leaves
Smyrna and goes aground just after mid-day, the ship managing to re-float herself by moving all the guns aft and raising up the bow.
After a brief stop overnight at single anchor Ganges joins the joint British and French Fleets at Vourla Bay by 8.45am of the 17th of
July.
At dawn on the 20th of July 1840 the British Squadron leaves Vourla Bay and by 2.40pm of the 23rd of July they are in front of the
town of Cavallos in Greece where they anchor until dawn on the 25th of July. Moving up to Panagia Bay off the Island of Thassos by
early afternoon of the same day, the Ganges sends boat parties ashore to cut spars and collect water. The squadron’s stay here is
again a short one, weighing anchor at 1pm on the last day of July 1840 and heading south and east into the Aegean.
By the 9am on the 3rd of August 1840 the fleet is in Erissos Bay, just off Mytilene on the Island of Samos and here they remain at
single anchor until the morning of the 6th of August, departing that anchorage and passing between the islands of Kalymnos and
Leros at 5pm that afternoon, anchoring in the Bay of Mosconisi some twenty minutes later, doubling back to Mytilene Roads on the
following day and anchoring off the town just before noon. In  company with HMS Thunderer, Ganges departs the squadron on the
8th of August and runs through the Scio (Chios) straits, Thunderer parts company at 11am on the following day and by sundown of
that day the Ganges is off the Island of Rhodes, briefly paying a visit to the harbour. Noon on the 10th sees Ganges meeting HMS
Edinburgh and Powerful at sea and the three ships proceed together until the 13th of August when they join up with the rest of the
British Squadron who are at anchor in the Bay of Beruit (‘Bairout’ in the logs). The Ganges drops anchor at 10.20 am.. in the
afternoon she exercise at quarters and the Captain notes ‘loaded guns’.   
The log for the 14th of August 1840 reads as follows:
0730 – Out Launch, Pinnace and Barge, armed them with guns.
0930 – Cleared for action
1000 – Shortened in cable
1030 – Weighed and made sail, stood out under topsails, jib and driver. Exercised at General Quarters.
1140 – Tacked and stood in.
Noon – Squadron in company.
1300 – Filled and stood in.
1320 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 7¼ fms with a spring on the cable off the Egyptian camp. Sprung ship broadside on to
the encampment. Furled sails. Clearing for action.
1430 – Thunderer anchored NNE of us, Powerful and Edinburgh abreast the town. Castor at anchor in St. Georges Bay.
1800 – Mustered at quarters.
1900 – Arrived HM Steamer Gorgon

Ganges then remains at anchor, shifting berth on the afternoon of the 17th of August to close with the Commodore. Over the
following weeks the log of the Ganges relates constant exercising of small arm men, drill for the marines, great gun drill, exercise with
a field gun and construction of scaling ladders and canteens by the artificers. Lt. Colonel Walker RM comes on board on the 6th of
September to inspect the Marines.
At 8am on the 9th of September the Princess Charlotte with the Flag of Admiral Sir R. Stopford arrives in company with Bellerophon
and the Brig Zebra, a few hours later the Thunderer, Hastings, Castor and Wasp arrive with transports carrying Turkish troops and an
Austrian Frigate carrying the flag of a Rear Admiral. The Marines and boat crews of Ganges are provisioned for three days and sent to
the Gorgon, the remainder of the boats being used to transport the troops from the transports to the shore.  

At this point, it may be wise to bring in the ‘bigger picture’ as opposed to the view from Ganges.. Clowes giving a good picture of the
events leading up to these events:-

On September 14th, 1829, the Ottoman Porte had unwillingly signed the treaty of Adrianople with Russia; and, early in the following
year, she had been obliged to recognise the independence of Greece, and to see the suzerainty of Algier pass from her to France.
During many centuries the Sultan had experienced no harder blows from fortune; and during many centuries he had never been less
able to resist the attacks and aggressions of foreign or nominally dependent states; for, in 1826, he had abolished his ancient corps of
Janissaries, and begun to reorganise his military system; and, amid the troubles and distractions of the succeeding years, he had not
had opportunity to provide himself with a new army.

It was while he was still thus almost powerless that Mehemet Ali, his greatest vassal, bethought himself of seizing the moment for
casting off allegiance and winning the independence of Egypt. Mehemet Ali had a good army, trained by ex-officers of the French
Empire, plenty of arms and supplies, and a fleet which, though manned chiefly by fellahs, who were no match for the best European
seamen, was well built, after French designs, and officered, to a large extent, by Frenchmen. Sultan Mahmoud had no naval force so
effective.

In 1832, accordingly, Ibrahim Pasha, son of Mehemet Ali, invaded Syria, and gained striking and repeated victories, until the Sultan,
fearful of losing Constantinople itself, called in the aid of the Russians, who landed an army in Anatolia, and induced Ibrahim to stay his
advance. Great Britain and France thereupon put pressure upon Mahmoud to patch up a settlement with his rebellious vassal; and the
Sultan, convinced for the moment that Russia was his only friend, threw himself into the arms of the Tsar by signing the treaty of
Unkiar-Skelessi, and determined to await a more favourable occasion for reducing Egypt to full obedience.

But Egypt was not content to wait. Fresh difficulties soon arose between the Porte and Mehemet Ali. This time, while Great Britain, as
well as Russia, supported Turkey, France gave encouragement to Egypt. Hostilities recommenced; and, on June 29th, 1839, the
Turkish army was badly defeated at Nesib. On July 1st Mahmoud died, leaving the throne to Abdul Medjid, a boy of sixteen. To
increase the already serious troubles of Turkey, its main fleet, sent to sea to watch the movements of the Egyptians, deserted in a
body, and joined the rebels at Alexandria. It was felt in London that, in order to prevent Abdul from becoming a mere dependent of
Russia, some countenance must be shown him in his misfortunes; and, in consequence, negotiations on the subject were opened with
France, the result being that an Anglo-French fleet of observation, under Admiral Sir Robert Stopford and Rear-Admiral Lalande, was
presently anchored in Besika Bay. But France would go no further; and when, on July 15th, 1840, Great Britain, Austria, Russia, and
Prussia, by treaty, signed at London, engaged with the Sultan to bring his vassal to reason, France not only held aloof, but also
assumed a sulky and threatening attitude, making vast preparations by land and sea, as if to oppose the Powers, and bringing Europe
within measurable distance of a general war. Happily France was ultimately so wise as to reconsider her position, and, ere the end of
the following year, to rejoin the European concert.

In the meanwhile the four Powers offered Mehemet Ali that if, within a given time, he would evacuate Arabia, Syria, Crete, and other
possessions of the Porte which he had occupied, and would make certain additional concessions, he should be made hereditary viceroy
of Egypt, and might hold St. Jean d'Acre and some other territories during his life. If not, he would be deprived of all his dominions;
and the four Powers would execute the sentence. He was allowed ten days wherein to make up his mind upon some of the proposals,
and ten days more wherein to decide as to the rest of them.

The ultimatum appears to have been delivered on August 9th, at Alexandria, where the Cyclops, 6, paddle, Captain Horatio Thomas
Austin, was directed to await the return of a reply. In the harbour lay the Egyptian fleet, and the Turkish squadron which had
deserted. Mehemet Ali declared on the 16th that what he had won by the sword he would maintain by the sword, and that he would
not withdraw his troops at the bidding of anyone; yet, further grace having been formally allowed him, it was not deemed fair to
commence active operations so long as any part of the term of grace remained unexpired; and the Cyclops stayed on at Alexandria to
afford to the last a locus penitentiae to the hot-headed viceroy. In the meantime, however, Admiral Sir Robert Stopford, Commander-
in-Chief in the Mediterranean, wrote on August 8th, from the Princess Charlotte, 104, off Mytilene, to Captain Charles Napier, C.B., of
the Powerful, 84, who was off the coast of Karamania, directing him to hoist a broad (blue) pennant as Commodore of the third class,
and, taking under his orders, besides the Powerful, the Ganges, 84, Thunderer, 84, Edinburgh, 72, Castor, 36, and Gorgon, 6, paddle,
to proceed to Beyrout. Napier received the dispatch on August 10th, and, two days later, anchored before the town.

Beyrout was chosen because it was on the flank of the Egyptian advance; because it was the best port in the neighbourhood of the
Lebanon, the semi-independent inhabitants of which, under their own chief, the Emir Beschir, had recently rebelled against Mehemet
Ali; and because it was hoped to support and utilise the mountaineers against the invader. Beyrout itself, however, was occupied by
about 11,000 men of the Egyptian army, and by about 4000 Turkish soldiers, who had been landed from the deserting fleet. In military
command was Suleiman Pasha, a very capable French renegade, who had served under the first Napoleon. His camp lay outside, and to
the northward of, the town, the seaward defences of which, consisting chiefly of three forts, were too old to be of any serious value.
Stopford, with the major part of the Mediterranean fleet, remained for the time in the neighbourhood of the Dardanelles, firstly as a
protection to Constantinople against a coup de main by Mehemet Ali, secondly as a guard against possible French interference, and
thirdly as convoy for a Turkish squadron of men-of-war and transports, which was assembling to proceed to Cyprus and Syria under
Captain Baldwin Wake Walker, R.N., who had taken service as an admiral with Turkey. It had been determined among the Powers that
the naval part of the task of carrying out the decision of the signatories should be entrusted to Great Britain and Austria-Hungary;
and, accordingly, a small but well-found Austrian division presently joined Stopford, and put itself under his orders.

The brief campaign which followed was a remarkable illustration of the military importance of command of the sea. On shore was a
triumphant and, upon the whole, formidable army of 70,000 or 80,000 men, pressing northwards. At Alexandria was a large but by no
means efficient Egyptian fleet, which, had the sea been open to it, could have accompanied the left wing of the advancing army,
protected it, and supplied it. But the sea was not open to it. The less numerous yet much more efficient fleet under Stopford not only
terrorised the Egyptians into remaining under the forts of Alexandria, or captured such vessels as ventured out, but also struck blow
after blow on the flank of Mehemet Ali's communications, landed and supported troops there, and, in less than two months, so
imperilled the conquering army of Egypt that the rebellious viceroy was glad to make terms.

Napier, as has been said, anchored off Beyrout on August 12th. He placed his ships in such positions as best to cover the seaward
forts and the Egyptian camp. He also opened communications with the governor of the place, with the commander of the revolted
Turkish troops, who were supposed to be anxious to return to their allegiance, with the British consul in the town, and with the Emir
Beschir, chief of the Lebanon. But, as the twenty days' grace had not expired, he did not feel at liberty to take decided action,
although, more than once, he unwisely made threats that he would do so, and thus, perhaps, by non-performance of them,
encouraged resistance. He did, however, detain several vessels that were proceeding up the coast with supplies, and, among others, a
fine Egyptian frigate, armed en flute, and bound for Scanderoon. She was taken by the Castor. A general blockade of Syria and Egypt
was also declared. Napier utilised the days of delay by making reconnaissances in the Gorgon at various points where it seemed
possible to land troops, and by visiting Walker Bay, who was then at Cyprus. He was joined, off Beyrout, by the Magicienne, 24,
paddle, on August 19th, the Wasp, 16, on August 30th, the Revenge, 76, on August 31st, and later by the Benbow, 72, Pique, 36,
etc., ere, on September 7th, the Cyclops arrived with definite news of the rejection of the ultimatum, and heralded the approach of the
main body of the allied fleets, which appeared on September 9th. On September 1st, too, there reached Beyrout a small British force
of artillery and engineers under Colonel Sir Charles Felix Smith, R.E., who was ill at the time, and who was unable, for several weeks
afterwards, to assume, as had been intended, the command of the shore operations.

Napier had always a great repugnance to serving under anyone's orders; and he knew, of course, that on the arrival of Stopford, that
distinguished officer would be supreme afloat. Recollecting with pleasure his own military experiences in the Peninsula, and, later, in
Portugal, where he did the work of general as well as of admiral, and taking advantage of Smith's illness, he came to the extraordinary
decision that, rather than be a junior afloat, he would, if possible, be in supreme command ashore; and, with that end in view, he
induced Stopford to allow him provisionally to take Smith's place, "as no enemy was likely to be met with" where he was going.
Stopford, perhaps, was not sorry to get rid of his brave, but excitable and excentric subordinate. Napier, on the other hand, had no
idea of going where there was no enemy, and had very vivid dreams of again distinguishing himself as a soldier. So well did he play his
cards that he was permitted to land immediately after the arrival of the Commander-in-Chief. He remained on shore for a month, and,
as will be seen, rendered good service.

By the morning of September 9th, thirty-three British, Austrian, and Turkish warships, besides French and American neutrals, and
numerous transports, were visible from Beyrout; and in the afternoon all of them lay at anchor before the town. That evening the
Turkish troops and British Marines were put on board steamers, and, on the following morning, were moved in an ostentatious manner
to the southward, the Egyptians marching along the coast to prevent them from disembarking, and being occasionally shelled by the
ships. But as soon as the sea-breeze fairly set in, the landing force was rapidly carried to D'jounie Bay, about nine miles to the
northward, and there put ashore without opposition, the Powerful, Revenge, Thunderer, Pique, Castor, Carysfort, Daphne, Wasp, and
three Turkish vessels being at hand to protect it in case of need. Napier's composite army, consisting ultimately of British, Austrians,
Turks, and local natives, entrenched itself. It lay in a good position, as the only road between it and Beyrout passed round a projecting
point two miles south of the camp, and was completely exposed to the guns of the Revenge, which anchored off it. During these and
the following days, Beyrout was frequently bombarded by the fleet, and its walls and defences were demolished; but no serious effort
was made to take the town, as the army was not then ready to occupy it.

The logs of Ganges for the 10th & 11th of September 1840 record:-

10th September – off Beruit at single anchor:-
Daylight, sailed HMS Revenge, Bellerophon, Pique, Carysfort and S.V. Gorgon, Hydra, Cyclops and Phoenix with marines of the fleet
and Turkish troops.
0800 – Weighed Powerful and Dido, Zebra shifted her berth to St. Georges Bay.
1000 – Squadron stood to the northward. Commenced firing on the Egyptian troops on shore, as did Benbow, Edinburgh & Zebra.
1315 – Observed troops landing near river. Continued firing whenever Egyptian troops made their appearance.
Expended during the day; shells 8in, 16; shot 36lb & 68lb, 86; Grape and canister; 22; Powder, 837lbs.

11th September – off Beruit at single anchor:-
0400 – Observed Bellerophon and a Turkish corvette under weigh.
1745 – Opened fire on the town of Beruit.
1930 – Ceased fire, expended shells, 19; shot 68lb, 121; shot 32lb, 430; powder, 4452lbs.
Benbow & Edinburgh fired shells occasionally.

The first serious fighting of the campaign occurred on September 11th at D'jebel (otherwise Gebail), a small fort or castle to the
northward, whither the Carysfort, Dido, and Cyclops were detached, under Captain Henry Byam Martin, with a landing-party of 220
Marines and 150 armed mountaineers. The position, which was held by 300 Albanians in Egyptian pay, was bombarded by the ships for
about an hour; and then 100 of the Marines, under Captain Charles Robinson, R.M., and as many natives, were put ashore to storm it.
Unfortunately the gallant Marines, when within thirty yards of the fort, came unexpectedly upon a crenelled outwork, which had a deep
ditch in front of it, and which was completely screened from the ships; and they were received with so deadly a musketry fire that five
of the party were killed, and eighteen wounded. Robinson, after vainly trying to find another way into the fort, had no option but to
withdraw. As the party, which was accompanied by Captain Horatio Thomas Austin, was retiring, it was perceived that a British flag had
been left behind, flying from a garden wall where it had been placed as a signal. Lieutenant Sidney Grenfell, and a seaman named
Macdonald, of the Cyclops, volunteered to return and rescue it; and, amid cheers from the ships, safely accomplished their purpose. In
spite of their temporary success, the Albanians abandoned the place during the following night; and it was immediately occupied,
whereupon large numbers of natives flocked to it to obtain arms.

12th September – off Beruit at single anchor:-
Fired a shell into the town every half an hour until 4 o’clock.
0300 – Weighed the kedge, cast off the spring and shortened in the cable.
0900 – Went to quarters, firing at some troops seen marching into a barracks.
1000 – Ceased firing into the town.
1300 – Weighed and made all plain sail out of the roads of Beruit on the starboard tack.
1700 – Shortened sail and came too off the Dog river in 7 fms.

For the crew of the Ganges the 13th of September 1840 was passed watering the ship and also HMS Thunderer and Edinburgh, the
following morning at dawn the ship weighed and moved into the Bay of D’jouni where they land seamen to help reform the trenches
and build fortifications on land, as a reward for their hard work the Commodore ordered extra allowances of spirits for the watch
ashore. This work continues for the following days, the only interesting events noted in the log being the transfer of Egyptian
Prisoners by Ganges’ boats to an Egyptian frigate on the 27th of September and the death from fever of AB John Lloyd on the 28th of
September (he was interred on shore).

On September 15th, the Hastings, Carysfort, and Cyclops captured Batroun without much trouble. On the 17th, under direction of
Captain Edward Collier, Caiffa, and, on the 24th, Tyre (otherwise Tsour), were similarly taken, no loss being suffered by the Castor and
Pique, the only two British ships employed. But an attack upon Tortosa, on September 26th, by the Benbow, Carysfort, Zebra, and
landing-parties, was disastrous and unsuccessful, though it brought credit to many engaged, and especially to Lieutenants Edward
Philips Charlewood, and Lewis Maitland, and Midshipmen John Charles Dalrymple Hay, and William Houston Stewart, who showed great
gallantry. The attacking boats ran upon a reef under fire, and could not be got off until eight of their people had been killed and
eighteen wounded.

Ere this, Stopford had more than once shown an inclination to recall Napier to the legitimate work of a naval officer, and to leave the
conduct of the army in the capable hands of Selim Pasha, Omar Bey, General Jochmus, and Lieut.-Colonel William Walker, R.M. But
Napier always over-persuaded his good-natured chief, and, after winning a little action on the Nahr-el-Kelb on September 24th, and
taking 400 prisoners, dined on the following day with Sir Robert, and induced him to entrust his subordinate with the direction of an
attack on Sidon by land and sea, the Commodore promising to do the business, and to return within forty-eight hours. For this
expedition the Thunderer, Gorgon, Cyclops, Wasp, Stromboli, Hydra, Guerriera (Austrian), and Gulfideh (Turkish) were told off, with a
landing force of 750 British Marines under Captains Arthur Morrison, R.M., and James Whylock, R.M., 100 Austrians, and 500 Turks.

Sidon was protected by a moderately strong fort and citadel, and a line of wall, held by 2700 men. It was the main depot for the
southern division of the Egyptian army, and was full of stores and ammunition. Having been in vain summoned, it was bombarded by
the ships for about half an hour. Captain Horatio Thomas Austin then landed with the Turks, but was so hotly received that it was
clear that the spirit of the garrison had not been shaken. The bombardment was therefore renewed for a time; and, when the wall had
been breached, Napier himself, at the head of part of the Marines, tried to storm it. He failed; but succeeded in breaking in at another
point, whence, skirting the eastern wall as far as the upper gate, which he burst open, he seized the citadel. At about the same time
Captain W.H. Henderson, of the Gorgon, had made a successful assault elsewhere. Upon the whole, the slaughter was not heavy, nor
were the losses on the attacking side very serious. The whole garrison was captured; and half of it was embarked, and so speedily
despatched, that it reached Stopford off Beyrout the same evening. Napier rejoined the Admiral off D'jounie well within the stipulated
forty-eight hours. There were numerous acts of individual gallantry, Midshipman James Hunt, of the Stromboli, and Midshipman
Domenico Chinca, of the Guerriera, being especially mentioned for the rivalry which each displayed to be the first to plant the colours of
his nation on the walls. The bravery of Mate Arthur Cumming (Cyclops), was also noticed in dispatches, where, too, the services of
Captains Henderson and Austin, Commanders R.S. Robinson, W.J. Williams, and G. Mansel, and Captains (R.M.) Morrison and Whylock
met with various meeds of praise.

During all this time there was frequent firing at Beyrout, though, for the reasons already given, no attempt was made to occupy the
place. On October 2nd, however, an Egyptian deserter who reached the Hastings, reported that the commander ashore had laid a train
across a bridge to the eastern fort, where lay a great quantity of powder, and was ready to blow it up at any moment. The man
offered to guide a party to cut the train and seize the ammunition; and Commander Henry Worth, upon volunteering for the
hazardous service, found no lack of men to join him. He pulled in in a boat of the Hastings, covered by the launch and pinnace of the
Edinburgh, and, landing on the bridge in face of a heavy musketry fire, cut the train, re-embarked again, again landed, forced a way
into the fort, thence threw sixty or seventy barrels of powder into the sea, and brought away twenty others. Later in the day, he
made a second attempt and brought away some more. It was a most brilliant exploit, which, in after times, would have won a Victoria
Cross. Nor, all things considered, was the loss severe. Midshipman Luscombe, of the Hastings, was killed, and three seamen and the
Egyptian guide were wounded.

On the 29th of September 1840 the Ganges re-embarks her Marines and at 5pm and the ship is taken in tow by HMS Cyclops and
pulled out of the Bay and into the open sea.
Heading down the coast with HMS Dido in company she eventually reaches Alexandria by late morning of the 5th of October, the
Captain going on board HMS Asia for a short period and when she leaves the bay a few hours later she has HMS Asia, Implacable, Dido
and Daphne in company as well as an Austrian Corvette. Shortly after, at sea, two of the marines on board die in consecutive days
(Henry Hart on the 12th and John Crombie on the 13th of October, possibly as a result of service ashore), they are both committed to
the deep. During the period that Ganges was sailing to Alexandria the Egyptians abandoned Beruit, and as such I will not go into detail
on that phase of the campaign.
By the afternoon of the 18th of October 1840 the British squadron is in Aboukir bay, the scene of Nelson’s great victory over 40 years
previously and two days later they are at the mouth of the Nile; the next few weeks are spent sailing up and down the Egyptian coast
with a watch on Alexandria Harbour and the Nile river, as such this British Squadron is not present at the bombardment of St. Jean d’
Acre in early November of 1840, the last large action of the ‘Algiers’ campaign.

By the 18th of November 1840 the Ganges is still sailing in the waters off Alexandria, the HMS Revenge joining company on that day
and the ship having lost another two of her Royal Marines who were committed to the deep, the following day HMS Revenge and
Carysfort also join the squadron. On the 21st of November the Commodore on board HMS Powerful joins, the squadron at that time
some 10 miles north of Alexandria and employed sweeping up any Egyptian boats in the seas around them. On the 22nd at 2pm the
Medea takes a flag of truce into Alexandria, rejoining the squadron at 7pm on the 23rd of November. On the evening of the 28th of
November the squadron leaves the waters around Alexandria (Clowe’s states they were forced away by storms, but Logs of Ganges
record winds of force 6-8, which although high would not normally deter her in carrying out a task) and heads North West, the city
being 156 miles away by noon of the 2nd of December. On the 5th of December as the squadron is passing Cyprus, Commodore
Napier comes on board the Ganges and on the 8th of December at 5.50pm the Ganges in company with the rest of the ships drops
anchor in the harbour of Maurmorice off the coast of Turkey where the HMS Implacable, Calcutta, Dido, Thunderer, Edinburgh, Gorgon
and Hecate are already anchored, the Admiral on the Princess Charlotte with Bellerophon arrive the following day.
On the last day of 1840 the Ganges puts her Marines ashore where they fire off 1500 cartridges in practise, but this is the last event
of note in the year.

1841

On the 17th of January 1841 at 9am the Ganges weighs her anchor and is towed by boats from the anchorage and into the open sea
where she joins with HMS Implacable and Bellerophon, the ships setting a course for Malta. The Ganges warped onto a buoy at Valetta
harbour on the 28th of January at 2.20pm, HMS Asia, Edinburgh, Pique & Gorgon already present there. On the 14th of February the
ship is moored in the Grand Harbour and the Captain allows the crew leave to go ashore, often a dangerous gamble as the Captain
would often lose a significant proportion of his crew – certainly on the 20th the body of Captain of the Mast James King is found
drowned in the harbour whilst he was on leave, he is interred the following day and on the same day the Boatswain (Mr. Wood) is put
under arrest due to being drunk. Discipline is increased markedly in the following weeks, Thomas Barnes is given 48 lashes and
‘discharged the service with disgrace for filthiness and beastly conduct’ on the 6th of March 1841 and five days later the Court Martial
of Mr. Wood is conducted on the ship, he is found guilty and dismissed the ship as well as being reduced to the second class.
At 4pm on the 14th of March 1841 the Ganges slips her mooring and stood out under all plain sail, dropping her anchor in the port of
Syracuse (Sicily) the following day at 3pm.  The ship remains off Syracuse until early morning of the 26th of March when in company
with HMS Implacable she heads back to the north and Greece, anchoring in Corfu roads at noon on the last day of March 1841.
Ganges remains at anchor in Corfu roads for nearly two months during which period she keeps a regular routine of maintenance and
exercise going, with shore leave accompanied by punishment, this routine ending at 2.20pm on the afternoon of the 28th of May 1841
when she weighs and heads out to sea. The early morning of the 29th of May finds the Ganges in light winds with the current taking
her onto the Bianco Shoals, she has to drop her boats and be towed off, however she then makes the passage to Malta with no
problems until dropping her anchor in the Grand Harbour at Valetta on the 2nd of June 1841, the log stating..
‘1.15pm – Shortened all sail, rounded to for the berth No.7 with our anchors in the Grand Harbour; in letting go the Best Bower
anchor the cable checked below, let go S. Br. but too late to prevent a collision with the Rodney which carried away our larboard
whisker and bumpkin’.
The ship was ordered into quarantine for 7 days, it is not made clear if this was a result of the collision.
At dawn on the 4th of July 1841 the Ganges sails from Malta harbour with HMS Vanguard, Cambridge, Rodney & Calcutta and drops
anchor in Port Mahon in the Balearic Islands (Spain) at 12.20pm on the afternoon of the 13th of July 1841, the ship is moored but on
the following day she is moved to a point to the north of the quarantine island as the Captain had been informed of the need to
undergo 8 days of quarantine.. They remain anchored until a pilot comes on board at 4am of the 23rd of July and he guides the vessel
out of the harbour heading south east. The ship is at sea on the morning of the 28th of July when she is hit by a force 8 squall which
brings her into the bay of Palermo where she drops anchor and furls sails to ride it out.. the Captain managing to salute the Neoploitan
Flag with 17 guns as he did so. The Ganges leaves Palermo on the 9th of August 1841 and by the morning of the 11th of August
anchors off the mole at Messina, the Hecate being anchored here and HMS Talbot arriving that evening. The ship remains here for
three days, firing a gun for a pilot at 4pm on the 14th of August and leaving Messina at 4.30am the following morning with one crew
member (Daniel Lawrence) having deserted the ship. The passage down the coast takes Ganges within sight of Mount Etna and she
arrives in the roads of Corfu at 8.30pm on the 18th of August, finding anchored here HMS Britannia (Flagship of Admiral Ommaney),
Howe, Vanguard and the steamer Cyclops, these ships except Howe all sailed within hours of the arrival of Ganges. On the 22nd of
August the Ganges herself leaves Corfu roads and by the afternoon of the 26th of August she drops anchor in the dockyard creek of
Valetta harbour, finding here the HMS Thunderer, Vernon, Talbot, Cyclops, Gorgon, Locust, Hazard and a few hours later the Howe.
The stay at Valetta is only to be short, and after visiting the berth at the Custom House the Ganges makes sail at 5pm on the 30th of
August and heads out of the harbour and around the north end of Malta.
On the 3rd of September at 1.50am the ship anchors in the bay of Tunis within sight of Cape Carthage and in company with HMS
Revenge & Implacable and two French Battleships. Over the following month the Captain has training at great guns or musketry on a
daily basis for parts of the ship and he notes the coming and going of various French ships which appear to be numerous in these
waters. On the 5th of October the Ganges changes position to anchor off Port Farina and remains here for a week before weighing in
company with the Revenge at 10.30am on the morning of the 12th of October. The ship has a bit of a detour an hour later when they
have to come about to rescue a man who fell overboard (which they did successfully), they then anchor again in the bay of Tunis
within sight of a French Squadron which now has 4 battleships within it. On the 19th of October the French Squadron sails, and within
hours the Ganges & Revenge have made all plain sail and weighed too, standing out of the Bay of Tunis. On the morning of the 22nd
of October the HMS Vanguard joins up and two days later on the afternoon of the 24th the three ships work their way into Valetta
harbour where they find lying HMS Powerful with the Rear Admirals flag and a host of other vessels.
Ganges remains at Malta for some time, the daily grind of provisioning, cleaning and work on the rigging taking up most of the log
space, the Court Martial of Boatswain Robert Warder of HMS Savage also taking six days from the 30th of November to complete. The
following Monday the Ganges is again used as a court, this time for a Royal Marine from the Cambrian, Ganges’ own marines were
frequently landed at 7am for purposes not explained in her logs. On the 10th of December 1841 Admiral Sir Thomas Mason came on
board to inspect the ship and her company, in the following days the Marines are constantly landed and the ship is ordered to arm and
man her boats, although I can locate no historical reason for this action. The days pass in the harbour, with some fascinating events in
the logs such as the entry of the 28th of January 1842 that notes that a barrel noted as ‘currants’ in the pursers survey was actually
(on re-checking) found to be raisins!
On the 4th of February the ship is told she is to be ordered to England and as such she off loads 283 powder barrels as well as large
amounts of cases and shells. Over the following days she is inspected by the Admiral and the crew are busy re-stowing the holds and
handing in stores and provisions before the ship is unmoored on the evening of the 15th of February 1842. At 2pm on the 16th the
ship is pulled out of Malta Harbour by HMS Devastation and Vesuvius and makes all plain sail on a northeast course.
Whilst still short of Gibraltar at 36.2 N, 3.1 W on the evening of the 1st of March the ship runs into a heavy squall with force 9 winds
which persists into the early morning of the following day, daylight revealing a line of battleships including HMS Cambridge. The Ganges
sails into Gibraltar harbour and anchored off the New Mole Head at 6.45am on the 4th of March 1842, it was to be a short stay
however as she weighs at 9.30am on the 12th of March and passes out of Gibraltar harbour heading into the straits and thus the
Atlantic and carrying soldiers of the 19th Foot, one of whom died on the passage home. The ship proceeds northwards, the Captain
running down his remaining stocks of powder and shot by carrying out large amounts of exercises on both great guns and small arms,
one of the passengers (Lt. C.J. Bourchier of the HEIC) perishing on the morning of the 27th of March whilst Ganges was still 200 miles
short of England, the Lieutenant’s body was committed to the deep at 5pm the same day.
At 7.20pm on the 28th of March 1842 the ship sights the Eddystone lighthouse and the following afternoon at 1.50pm, despite thick
fog, the Ganges drops anchor at Spithead, saluting the admiral with 17 guns as she did so. At 1.30pm the following day the Captain
receives orders from a tender to proceed to Sheerness, weighing anchor and discharging the Customs officers the next day just after
10am. By 9am of the 2nd of April the Ganges is off Sheerness and signalling for a Pilot vessel, working into the Downs and anchoring
an hour later. Three days later at dawn the ship makes sail and works into the Gull Stream, passing the east buoy of Margate sands
and dropping anchor in the Queens Channel within sight of Margate church. The next day she proceeds further, passing into the
Medway and anchoring in Sheerness harbour with HMS Camperdown which is flying the Admiral’s flag (Edward Brace).
On the 7th of April the Admiral comes aboard to inspect, the following day she discharges her invalids and the Captain begins to hand
in all the stores to the dockyard.
On the 10th of April at 10am the ship musters by divisions and an issue is made of medals for service on the Coast of Syria to the
Officers and Ship’s Company, this being followed by Divine Service.
The next few days are just dismantling and returning stores to the dockyard, the pay clerks coming aboard on Monday the 18th of
April 1842 and paying the crew off, a process which was completed by 5pm. At dusk the pennant was taken down and the ship taken
out of commission.


Private James Bunting of the 73rd Company of the Chatham Division returns to the HQ of his Division after discharge from the HMS
Ganges  and there then follows a period of just under 3 years ashore during which time his wife gives birth to a second son, Mark. On
the 11th of July 1843 he is promoted to Corporal whilst still serving in the 73rd Company and is still in that rank when he is sent to
join the Brigantine HMS Spy on the 21st of March 1845. The allotment of RM for such a vessel was a Corporal and 10 Privates, so
Bunting was the senior marine aboard when he joined the ship (which was under orders for the West African coast and the slave trade
patrols). As it happened, the vessel sat at Sheerness for months waiting to get a crew and for orders, eventually being ordered to the
Pacific. I transcribed parts of the ships logs which proved to be quite fascinating, especially where she became involved in the US-
Mexican war in November 1847!


Extracts from the Logs of HM Brigantine ‘Spy’..

20th March 1845 – Hulked on board the ‘Griffon’, Chatham.
AM – Received part of our ships company which had been victuals on board the Trafalgar flag ship. Drew the harbour boats and took
possession of the Griffon Hulk. Flag Captain came on board and mustered the ships company, Mr. F. Macdonald, 2nd Master, joined
the ship.
PM – Arrived from Chatham Barracks, 1 Corporal and 9 marines. Employed receiving stores and slops. Received 1 Gunners Mate & 2
Seaman Gunners per Raven from Excellent.

30th June 1845 – Overnight moored off the dockyard, later at anchor in Plymouth Sound.
0500 – Mr John Towser, Pilot, came on board and took charge.
0520 – Shipped the buoy and proceeded out of the Hamoaze, all plain sail.
0730 – Came to with BB in 6 fathoms veered to 36 fms. Pilot left the ship.
(Breakwater Lighthouse W½N, Red Beacon on Hoe, NNE). Employed as most requisite. Received powder and shells, employed stowing
magazine and preparing for advance.
PM – Employed pointing ropes.
1500 – Captain M.H. Dixon of HMS San Josef came on board and paid the ships company two months advance. Commander waited on
Adm. Sir John West KCB & delivered muster book and quarterly returns.
1700 – Received charts for the South American station & returned one box of Channel charts.
1800 – Furled sails.

1st July 1845 – At single anchor, Plymouth Sound.
0800 – Cleaned service deck.
0830 – Down Royal yard.
Employed pointing ropes and otherwise as necessary.
PM – Employed pointing ropes.
1630 – HMS Heroine proceeded into Hamoaze.
1800 – Mustered at quarters, veered cable to 48 fathoms.

2nd July 1845 – At single anchor, Plymouth Sound then proceeding to sea.
0500 – Shortened in cable.
0510 – Weighed
0610 – Struck the flag of Adm Sir John West on passing breakwater as per order, tacked as requisite working out of the sound.
0900 – Rame Head, NNE, 3m.
1030 – Rame Head E½N, employed trimming ship.
Noon – Lat. 50’ 4N, 4’ 26W, Lizard Point bearing W by N 28’.
PM – Various sail & sounding noted  

15th August 1845 – At sea, running in Rio de Janeiro harbour.
0200-1000 - Various sail & sounding noted.
1000 – Braced around on Starboard tack.
1100 – Mustered at divisions with hammocks.
1115 – Braced up, tacked occasionally, working for Rio de Janeiro harbour.
Noon – Found in harbour HMS Grecian, Penguin and Seagull.
1540 – Came to with SB in 3½ fathoms, veered to 50 fms.
Moored ship with 30 fms on each anchor. Commander waited on Senior Officer. Unbent sails, bent Top Gallant & Royal yards on deck.
Also found laying here U.S. Ship Columbus, Raritan, Vincennes & Bainbridge, the former flying Commodore’s Pendant.   

26th August 1845 – At single anchor, then running out of harbour to sea.
0400 – Shortened in cable and made sail with topsails and top gallant sails. Up anchor, set jib (then follows various sail settings).
0730 – Passed Santa Cruz Fort, several Merchant vessels in company going out of harbour.
0800-0000 - Various sail & sounding noted, heading SSW.

3rd September 1845 – At sea, working in for the anchorage at Monte Video and then at single anchor.
0000-0400 - Various sail & sounding noted.
0400 – Observed land on W. Bow
0511 – Tacked, working up for anchorage.
0840 – Shortened sail and came to with S.B. in 3½ fathoms, veered to 48 fms. Cathedral bearing NNE, Mount NW by W. Found lying
here HM Ship Vernon, Melampus, Eagle, Curacoa & Spider. Commander waited on Senior Officer, found here the US Ship Boston &
French frigate Africaine.
PM – Employed refitting ship.
1600 – Sent cutter to Melampus for repairing.
2000 – Veered cable to whole length.

5th September 1845 – At Single anchor at Monte Video and then to sea.
0330 – Veered cable to 60 fms.
0430 – Loosed sails.
0800 – Employed as most useful refitting ship. Sailmaker from HMS Melampus repairing sails.
0930 – Mustered by divisions.
2000 – Shortened in cable to 24 fathoms.
2200 – Received despatches from Melampus boat. Weighed and made sail under topsails.
2330 – Commander placed Mr. J.D. Folkard, Masters Asst. under arrest for being off deck when hands were on deck. Though officer of
1st watch, when sent for he was drunk and incapable of doing his duty.

7th September 1845 – Single anchor, then working to windward, then at single anchor off Colonia (del Sacramento).
0400 – Holystoned decks.
0600 – Shortened cable.
0930 – Weighed anchor and made sail under topsails.
Boat from HMS Satellite came on board.
1200 – Commander went on board HMS Satellite.
PM – Tacked occasionally, made and shortened sails as requisite.
1345 – Pilot decided it was too foggy to proceed. Shortened sail and came to with BB in 4 fms veered to 24 fms, found here HMS
Satellite.
1350 – Commander returned from waiting on the Senior Officer.
Being ordered to Martin Garcia, John Dailey, Pilot, informed the Commander that he was not able to take ship there – sent on shore
for another Pilot.
John Adams, Pilot, came on board.

8th September 1845 – Single anchor off Colonia (del Sacramento).
John Adams, Pilot, informed Commander there were no regular Pilots on shore for Martin Garcia nor did he himself profess to be a
Pilot, but that he would give every assistance in his possession piloting ship. Commander reported this to Senior Officer.
Pilot considered it too foggy to proceed. Employed as most requisite. Discharged John Dailey, Pilot, a heavy long swell & heavy sea by
noon.
Noon – Finding that owing to the tide the ship would not keep to the sea which had got up very much and the Jolly Boat at the stern
davits was struck heavily once or twice & one or two seas broke over the quarter, loosed the boom mainsail and hoisted halfway up to
keep her to the sea.
1330 – Ship was flying about all round the compass.
1430 – Tailing in shore the ship took the ground & began to (?) to Starboard heavily. Turned the hands up, (there then follows precise
sail details and a long and detailed description in very spidery handwriting, the ship again taking the ground at the Northern end of St.
Gabriels Isle for 20 minutes before the Commander managed to drop anchor after losing a lot of sails and tackle.)   

9th September 1845 – Off St. Gabriels Island, warping to windward, later at single anchor off Colonia.
During the night N moderated and ship was free of ground, at 0400 pilot did not deem it advisable to move.
0830 – Weighed starboard anchor and shortened in cable to 24fms on port anchor. Ran out stream anchor (Satellite’s boat assisting)
and 2 hawsers, weighed and warped up to windward. Laid out anchor and hawsers again and warped up, made sail. Weighed stream
anchor and stood in for the buoy of cable slipped yesterday. Let go S.B. and veered to 24 fathoms, ran out hawser to cable of anchor
slipped & hove in B.B. cable.
Noon – Colonia Cathedral E by N, Colonia Lighthouse, SE by E½E.
1530 – Observed 2 ships in the offing, made No. to HMS Firebrand.
1620 – French man of war anchored.
1630 – Arrived HMSV Firebrand with the flag of Rear Admiral  Inglefield CB flying & French steamer Fulton. Commander waited on the
Admiral.
1720 – Got spare anchor from bows and stowed in square of main hatchway, stowed kedge anchors.

10th September 1845 – At single anchor at Colonia, then running into Buenos Aires.
Sailed French steamer Fulton & HMS Firebrand.
0830 – Discharged John Adams, Pilot.
0930 – John Dailey, Pilot came on board. Pilot would not weigh on account of reef until the tide turned.
1130 – Made sail under topsail jib & boom mainsail, weighed and proceeded out of anchorage.
1200 – Set foresail & fore trysails, steered according to Pilots directions.
(More sail information follows)    
1600 – Shortened sail and came to with  S.B. 3½ veered to 60 fms. Cathedral SW, Recolata WSW. Blowing too hard for Commander
to land, a heavy long swell on. (Outer roads of Buenos Aires).

11th September 1845 – Outer roads of Buenos Aires.
Lost overboard, draw buckets canvas, one.
0600 – Commander went on shore with mail in the cutter. A nasty swell on.
Employed as most requisite, restowing holds, sail bins etc.
1530 – Commander returned, shortened in cable.
1600 – Made sail under jib F. Topsail & B. Mainsail, weighed and set F. Sail & F. Topsail.
Disrated Edward W.Law, Ships Cook, to AB for disobedience of orders and contemptuous conduct to Commander.
2140 – Shortened sail and came to with B.B. in 3½ fms.

17th September 1845 – Began day at anchor in Monte Video, sailed for open sea.
0400 – Shortened in cable.
Daylight, weighed & made sail (the remainder of the day is sailing details & soundings)   

2nd October 1845 – At Sea, by Noon at anchor in Berkeley Sound and by Midnight at Port Louis.
Daylight – Observed land ahead.
0720 – Volunteer Point NW, Bird Island SW by W.
0920 – Shortened sail and came to with S.B. in 4 fathoms veered to 48 fms, out Cutter.
1330 – Shortened in cable to 24 fms.
1500 – Furled sails.
Transported spare anchor from square of main hatchway to Starboard boom and Starboard Bower anchor to square of main
hatchway. Secured.
Commander reprimanded Mr Birtwhistle (Mate) for disobedience of his orders.

3rd October 1845 – Anchored at Port Louis, then to sea.
0400 – In cutter.
0430 – Shortened in cable to 12 fms, loosed sails.
0930 – Mustered at quarters. Exercised cutlassmen. Employed as most requisite.
1500 – Shortened in cable, made sail, weighed and proceeded out of Berkeley Sound.
(Sail directions for rest of day)

4th October 1845 – At sea, moving to anchor at Port Jackson.
(Various sail details removed)
Mr Thomas, Clerk in charge, paid ships company the savings of provisions up to the 30th of September 1845 out of contingent money.
1500 – Out Cutter. Boat came alongside and received mail and letters for the Falkland Isles.
1700 – Shortened sail and came to in 4 fathoms veered to 60 fathoms, furled sails.
Commander called on His Excellency the Governor.

5th October 1845 – Anchored at Port Jackson, later shown as Port Stanley.
1000 – Mustered by divisions and performed Divine Service.
Received Fresh beef 63lbs. Received a deserter from HMS Herald captured by the civil authorities after her departure.
Sent ships company on leave.
Commander placed Mr. J. D. Folkard, Masters Asst. under arrest for being himself tipsy and allowing the boats crew to get drunk whilst
in his charge on duty and subsequently being contemptuous towards the Commander.

6th October 1845 – Anchor at Port Stanley.
1000 – Read the articles of war and punished Edward McFarlane, AB, with 36 lashes for being below in his watch on deck and insolence
to the Commander. Also Edward Driscoll (LM) with 30 lashes, Cornelius Mahoney (AB) with 24 lashes, Mainton Hicks (LM) with 30
lashes, James Horsenail (Pte RM) with 30 lashes, Henry Langler (Boy 1C) with 24 lashes and Joseph Speevey (Boy 1C) with 24 lashes
for leaving the Cutter when on duty and getting drunk on duty.
PM – Carried out a target for gun practise but owing to the strength of the wind the target sank almost immediately. Lost Boats
anchor, 1 in number.
Ships Company employed painting ship, making spungam and as most requisite.
1400 – Cutter employed creeping for target.
1700 – Cutter returned not having found it.
Sent Petty Officers on shore to purchase things for their messes.

9th October 1845 – Single anchor at Stanley Harbour, then proceeding to sea.
0400 – Shortened in cable to 24 fms.
Mustered at quarters and exercised a division of seamen firing at target (fired 7x32lbr and expended powder/cartridge/shot)
1100 – Shortened in cable and made sail (remainder of day, sail adjustments & directions)

20th October 1845 – At sea, working in the Straits of Magellan..
..PM – Working into the straits of Magellan with variable winds and occasionally light breezes & calm at times.. position at Noon – Cape
Virgins W by N½N, Dungeness Point, SW by W½W.

21st October 1845 – Working through the Straits of Magellan.
(Various sail/soundings)  
0900 – Shortened sails and came too with SB in 17 fms veered to 48 fms. Mount Aymond(?) NW, North Direction hill SW by W. Furled
sails, found F. topmast H. complaining.
1000 – Down F.T.G. yard, mast and rigging, Sailmakers repairing Boom main sail.
Noon – Veered to 72 fms.
PM – Issued lemon juice to ships company.
1330 – Unbent storm sails. Sailmaker repairing storm F. staysail.

22nd October 1845 – At single anchor near Direction Hill.
0400 – Washed decks and clean scraped decks.
1000 – Shortened in cable to 65 fms.
Employed putting new reef points in Foresail and Fore Top and as most requisite.
PM – Employed as in forenoon. Sailmaker repairing Fore storm staysail.

28th October 1845 – Proceeding through the Straits of Magellan, then at single anchor at Port Famine.
(Various sail/soundings)
0930 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 8½ fms veered to 36. Employed setting up rigging, loosed small sails to dry. Position
Cape Valentyn N50E, Mount St. Philip N70W.
PM – Commander called to the Governor. Employed setting up Topt. Rigging, pointing ropes etc.
1500 – Furled sails. Party ashore cutting wood, James Homersham AB, James Chessom AB, M. Burton AB, James Ivimey Ord & E.
Driscoll, LM deserted from cutter. Thomas Seabrook AB deserter from Herald absconded.

29th October 1845 – Anchor at Port Famine.
0400 – Shortened in cable to 16 fms, loosed sails.
0800 – Sent file of Marines on shore to look for deserters.
PM – Weighed and made all plain sail.
1500 – Working away from Port Famine..

30th October 1845 – Working through the Magellan Straits.
AM – Various sail/soundings
PM – Heavy snow squalls. People employed making sea jackets etc. Therm.36 degrees. Issued Tobacco & soap to ships company.
Snow 1 or 2 inches deep.

31st October 1845 – At single anchor, Port Famine.
AM – Snow 2 or 3 inches deep, people employed making sea jackets. Issued slop clothing to ships company. Having snow squalls.
Cleared spirit room and Warrant Officers rooms, restowed.
Heavy snow squalls, Therm.32’. Snow 3 or 4 inches thick.
PM – Heavy snow squalls, hoisted in cutter in board and secured her amidships.

1st November 1845 – Port Famine, then proceeding down Straits of Magellan.
…0745 – Weighed and made all plainsail.
..1950 – Came to with BB in 9 fms ….

13th November 1845 – Working through the Straits of Magellan.
AM – Various soundings/sails
PM – Lowered Gig and sent to try for soundings. Tacked occasionally, Gig returned reporting they had got 10 & 16 fms. Out Cutter,
down Gig, shortened sail and towed into the Bay but on getting up found we had 17 fms close into the rocks. Sent boats ahead to
tow, hands on deck all night, trying to work out, found the ship gradually setting up the Bay …. Winds were incessant from all points
of the compass & the tide running strong in.

14th November 1845 – Straits of Magellan.
Daylight – found we were two or three miles up the Bay. Tried to beat out but as last night the flows of wind were incessant from all
points of the compass and tide running strong, deep water close alongside the rocks.
0800 – Shortened sail and warped up about a mile when one of the hawsers getting foul of a rock under the bottom, ship got
sternway and went alongside the rocks, touched a flat stone and went off, made sail & tried to beat out but the eddy winds & strong
current rendered her almost unmanageable.
1000 – In taking a flaw of wind caught her aback and paying off the wrong way ship struck the sand with her forefoot and hung by her
flying jib boom to the trees. Sent hands to cut down the tree and as soon as the boom was released ship went off. Carried away
Dolphin striker and flying boom, made sail.
1100 – In tacking ship taken aback as before and paid off and alongside the rocks. Ran hawsers out and hove off. Hoisted jib. Ship
paid off again alongside the rocks and although we had 18 & 17 fms alongside, the rocks all round her, she hung on a flat ledge on the
quarter. Ran hawsers out but the tide being low at 8 PM and the flaws of wind flowing on the shore, ship still hung (stranded?).. ship
the whole time exceptionally easy & scarcely perceptible that she was on shore.
Midnight – The tide rose and soon after she was all free, found 17fms close alongside the rocks - 30 & 46 fms two ships lengths from
the shore.      

15th November 1845 – Straits of Magellan.
0100 – Turned hands up, hauled taut and moored her with the hawsers, no soundings in 17 fms.
Daylight – Made sail and hauled the hawsers in. Wind light and eddies, ship scarcely holding her own. Hawsers out and warped up
along shore, made sail and after much trouble, succeeded in getting clear of the Bay, the Bay as far as I can judge is about a league to
the west of Hope St. Etoile. .. (remainder sails/soundings).

16th November 1845 – Straits of Magellan.
Disrated John Robinson, Capt. Forecastle for constant disobedience of orders & neglect of duty.
0700 – Weighed and made sail.
0730 – Ship took the ground, sent out kedge anchor and warped her off.
(remainder sail/sounding).

17th November 1845 – Straits of Magellan.
During the middle watch when the Commander sent for Mr. Folkard, Masters Asst. who was officer of the watch he was found by
Corporal Lawrence in his hammock.
0800 – Shortened in cable on BB- in heaving in the cable found the anchor had fouled Port cable, cleared the anchor and hove it up.
PM – Employed warping the ship to the other side of the Bay…

18th November 1845 – Straits of Magellan.
0600 – Hauled in Port hawsers, shortened in cable to 24 fms. Hauled in Starboard hawsers, carried out kedge to keep her clear of
rocks. Weighed and made sail (various sailing terms follow)..
1910 –Being thick and foggy, blowing hard in squalls, and not being able to find an anchorage on the Port side of the sea (reach?),
bore up for Port Tamar.
2030 – Shortened sail and came to with S.B. in 8 fms, veered to 54 fms. East pt. E½S, Rock off East Pt. ESE, Cape Tamar SW by S,
heavy gusts of wind from the mountains.  

5th December 1845 – At sea. At single anchor at Valparaiso Harbour.
(Various sail/soundings)
1415 – Came to with S.B. in 7 fathoms veered to 42 fathoms. Pt. Rosario NW½N, Custom House S½W. Unbent sails, down T. Gt. &
Royal yards, stayed F. Top Gt. & Royal masts. Mounted long gun. Found here HMS Fisgard & Nereus Store ship, one French Corvette.
Commander waited on senior officer.

16th February 1846 – At single anchor, Valparaiso, then to sea.
0930 – Shortened in cable.
1120 – Found ship dragging, veered cable to 30 fms.
1150 – Weighed and made fore & aft sail.
1245 – Loosed and made all plain sail.
1300 – Hove to on port tack.
1315 – Tacked.
1330 – HMS Collingwood weighed.
1340 – Made all plain sail with Collingwood.
(remainder of day, sails and bearings to Collingwood)  

2nd March 1846 – At sea, single anchor at Payta Bay.
AM – Lost overboard through the carelessness of Ro. Grant, canvas draw bucket, one in No.
0830 – Exercised division of cutlass men.
0930 – Observed land on the starboard beam, Trimmed.
Noon – Position 5.45’ S, 81.24’ W.
1310 – Observed land on Bow, exercised a division of small arm men.
1730 – Observed Cormorant ahead, altered course as requisite to speak to her.
1800 – Shortened sail and spoke to HMS Cormorant & proceeded in company with her to Payta.
2045 – Shortened sail & came to in 6¾ fathoms veered to 24 fathoms, furled sails. Commander waited on Comr. Gordon.

7th March 1846 – At sea, single anchor at Payta Bay. At sea.
AM – Received fresh beef, 62lbs; Vegt. 14lbs. Holystoned a lower deck. Joined Mr. E.F.W. Robinson from Cormorant as part
complement. Watch scraping masts & spars.
1600 – Up boats.
1640 – Shortened in cable.
1650 – Weighed (then follows sailsettings).
1815 – Tacked, observed a sail ahead.
1850 – Spoke the Admiral & tacked.
2050 – In gaff foresail & tacked, standing in to close the Admiral on Collingwood.
2300 – Lost sight of HMS Collingwood bearing Northerly.

19th April 1846 – At sea, running into Mazatlan Bay.
(AM –Various sail/sightings, in company with Collingwood).
1000 – Mustered by divisions.
1040 – Shortened sail and came to in 9½ fathoms veered to 82 fathoms. Found here HMS Collingwood, HMS Talbot & USS Savana,
Constitution, Levant & Warren & store ship Erie.
1700 –Mustered at quarters, scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes.

23rd April1846 – Anchored in Mazatlan Roads, then to sea, back to Mazatlan Bay.
0840 – Loosed sails.
0900 – Weighed and made all plain sail.
0930 – Hove to, in fore royal & flying jib.
0945 – Admiral Sir G.F. Seymour came on board. Wore and braced up on starboard tack, made all plain sail. A heavy long swell.
1315 – Shortened sail and came to in 6 fms, veered to 36 fms and furled sails, sent Master to sound (Anchorage off the Island of
Venado).
1520 – Weighed and made all plain sail.
1640 – Shortened sail and came to in 13 fathoms veered to 48 fathoms. (anchored back in Mazatlan bay).
A heavy long swell rolling ship heavily.

6th June 1846 – In Mazatlan Roads.
1545 – Weighed and made all plain sail.

8th June 1846 – Standing for the anchorage of San Blas at 0300.
0330 – Shortened sail and hove to send despatches to Admiral.
0350 – Anchored in 6½ fathoms with BB veered to 27 fms.
0400 – Furled sails. Exercised a division of cutlassmen.
PM – Exercised a division of small arms men. Employed as requisite.
1730 – Mustered at quarters, exercised a division at quarters.

5th July 1846 – Anchored at San Blas Roads.
1000 –Mustered by divisions and read the articles of war & performed divine service.
1700 – Mustered at quarters, employed preparing the ship for sea.
1930 – Commander returned with dispatches for Commander in Chief.
2020 – Weighed and made all plain sail.

27th August 1846 – At sea, and running in Honolulu.
AM – Various Sailing information.
0800 – Gave No. to HMS Collingwood in Honolulu Roads.
0900 – Shortened sails and came to with BB in 22 fms veered to 60.
1000 – Weighed and made sail to shift berth.
1140 – Received an order to proceed into harbour. Pilot took charge.
1145 – Shortened all sail & anchored inside the bar in 6 fms veered to 18.
1200 – Furled sails.
PM – Employed running out hawser to men on shore.
1245 – Men on shore warping the ship up the harbour. Weighed.
1415 – Anchored in 5½ fms veered to 19 fms. Laid out kedge.
1600 – Anchored HMS Juno. Sent cutter for water, received 1 ton.

3rd September 1846. At Anchor – Honolulu.
AM – Employed getting wood on board and preparing ship for sea. Received new rope from Collingwood.
1630 – Weighed kedge.
1710 – Weighed, made all sail under charge of pilot.
1740 – Hove to under stern of Collingwood. Commander went on board Collingwood. Pilot left the ship.
1820 – Commander came on board, made sail in company with Admiral.
Remainder of day – Sailing information

8th September 1846 – Running into Honolulu Harbour.
Sailing information..
0600 – Fired a gun for pilot.
0640 – Pilot came on board and took charge. Lowered boats to tow into harbour.
0715 – HMS Juno sent boats to tow.
0730 – Furled sails.
0750 – Anchored in 3½ fathoms veered to 24 fms, laid out kedge. Employed staying masts &c.
PM – Employed as requisite.
1600 – Sent liberty men on shore.

19th September 1846 – At anchor, Honolulu harbour.
AM – Employed preparing for sea, cleaning lower deck &c.
PM – Hoisted a Blue Peter & fired a gun to enforce signal.
1310 – Shortened in cable and weighed the kedge. Carried out hawsers to swing ship.
1330 – Weighed, swung the ship. Made sail and slipped. Carried away 3in hawser 4 fms from the end under charge of the Pilot.
1420 – Discharged pilot.
Various sailing details follow..  
1615 – Washed overboard John Harrison. Tacked and shortened sail to recover man.
1625 – Picked up man, tacked and made sail.
Remainder of day – sailing information.

13th October 1846. – Running for the harbour of Papeete (Tahiti).
AM – Various sailing information.
1200 – Showed pendant to HMS Grampus.
1300 – Pilot came on board & took charge. Trimmed as requisite.
1340 – Shortened sail.
1350 – Anchored in 10 fms veered to 22 fms. Furled sails.
Found lying here HMS Grampus and four French men of War.

15th October 1846 – At anchor, Papeete Harbour.
0410 – Shortened in cable to 15 fms.
0450 – Made all plain sail, weighed. Pilot took charge.(then sailing information as ships heads to sea).

17th November 1846 – Heading into Valparaiso.
..Sailing information..  
0900 – Bent cables & unstowed anchor.
0930 – Stowed Topm. & Staysail.
1040 – Taken aback in the flaws, got stern way, made aboard into Collingwood, carried away main boom & part of stern frame.
1050 – Anchored in 28 fms veered for 48 fms.
PM – Employed as requisite. Carpenter of Collingwood examining ships defects. Arrived French corvette.

25th November 1846 – Anchored at Valparaiso Bay.
Received fresh beef 60lbs, vegetables 30lbs.
0800 – Crossed F. Royal Yard, employed preparing for sea.
Artificers completing defects. Sent invalid to Talbot per order. Received supernummaries for Juno and Grampus per order. Received Mr.
Beckett, Masters Asst. & 1 Carpenter from Collingwood.
1430 – Rec’d boats davits from shore, employed preparing for sea.
1500 – Up anchor.
1600 – Rec’d 1 2nd Class Boy from Collingwood as part complement per order.
1630 – Made signal for boats to tow.
1720 – Boats cast off, made all plain sail running out of Valparaiso Bay.
Sailing information for rest of day.

24th December 1846 – Running along the north side of Tahiti and into Papeete Harbour.
Sailing information..
0830 – Showed pendant to HMS Grampus & made signal for a pilot.
0840 – Pilot came on board & took charge.
0930 – Shortened sail and came to in 7½ fathoms veered to 26 fathoms.
1000 – Furled sails, found here HMS Grampus and three French ships.
PM – Employed unbending small sails and painting ship outside.
1800 – Shifted berth.

30th December 1846 – Papeete Harbour.
0900 – Exercised at General Quarters.
0945 – Furled small sails.
Employed preparing for sea.
PM – Discharged supernummaries for Juno to Grampus per order. Sent a party on shore to launch the gig. Employed preparing for sea.
1515 – Shortened in cable to 8½ fms. Made signal for pilot.
1600 – Pilot came on board and took charge.
1615 – Made sail.
1630 – Weighed, made all sail, boats took ship in tow, trimmed as requisite.
1710 – Boats cast off, Pilot left the ship.
Remainder of day – sailing details.  

31st December 1846 – Running into Riatea Harbour.
Sailing information..
1400 – Shortened sail & came to with the BB in 19 fms veered to 51 fms. Furled sails, down top gallant and royal yards.
Sent cutter for sand.

1st January 1847 – Riatea Harbour.
AM – Employed preparing for sea, shortened cable to 30 fms.
PM – Employed preparing for sea.
1400 –Shortened in cable and made sail, up cutter, hoisted Blue Peter & fired a gun. Waiting for despatches from Mr. Charter.
1500 – Weighed and made sail on starboard tack working for the passage between the islets.
1600 – Hove up, the pilot refusing to take the ship through the passage.
Remainder of day – sailing details.  

5th January 1847 – Running for Papeete Harbour.
0610 – Mustered by divisons.
0900 – Mustered at quarters.
1030 – Showed pendants to HMS Grampus.
1240 – Shortened sails and came to in 7¾ fms veered to 25 fms. Found here HM Ships Grampus & Juno and 5 French ships.
1630 – Arried French steamer Phaeton.
Scrubbed hammocks and washed clothes. Lost overboard accidentally by J. Savage, Boy 1st class, Hammocks one in No.

4th February 1847 – Papeete Harbour, Tahiti.
0430 – Shortened in cable.
0440 – Crossed fore royal yard.
0540 – Pilot came on board and took charge.
0600 – Weighed and made all plain sail, boats from HMS Grampus and French ships in harbour took ship in tow.
0650 – Boats cast off.
0700 – Pilot left the ship.
Remainder of day – sailing details.  

26th February 1847 – Standing off Pitcairn Island.
Sailing details
1215 – Lowered the cutter, Commander and Surgeon went on shore with the cases addressed to the inhabitants. Standing off and on
the shore in Bounty Bay. Expended as signals to boats, rockets 2 in no., sticks 2 in no.
1900 – Hove to, up boats, Commander returned on board.
2030 – Filled and made all plain sail.
Remainder – sailing details.

5th March 1847 – 34.2 S, 129.45 W
1630 – Departed this life, William Somersby, Private RM.

6th March 1847 – 34.5 S, 130.1 W.
1100 – Committed the body of the deceased to the deep with the usual ceremonies.

26th March 1847 – Running into Valparaiso and anchoring,
0115 – Observed the land & lighthouse bearing NE by E, distance 10 miles. Trimmed as necessary.
0440 – Observed the lighthouse on the bow, ENE, 5 miles, made all plain sail.
1015 – Exchanged pendant with the Nereus, shifted colours from blue to white, shortened sail, boats from the French ships in harbour
took ship in tow.
1045 – French boats cast off.
1120 – Came to with BB in 22 fms veered to 50 fms. Furled sails. Found here four French ships.
PM – Survey officers came on board to survey Warrant Officers stores. Employed preparing for refit.

31st March 1847 – Valparaiso Bay, running for the sea.
1030 – Shortened in cable to 30 fms, employed preparing for sea.
PM – Received 2 2nd Class Boys from Nereus, hoisted the Blue Peter and fired a gun.
1500 – Weighed and made all plain sail, boats took ship in tow.
1610 – Boats cast off.
Remainder – sailing details.

9th April 1847 – Running into Callao, then at single anchor.
Sailing details..
1630 – Shortened sail and came to in 5 fms with BB in Callao Roads, veered to 30 fms. Found here HMS Collingwood bearing flag of
Commander in Chief, steamers Samson and Cormorant, 2 French ships.

21st April 1847 – Callao roads.
1430 – Sailed HMS Collingwood.
Sunset – Down top gallant yards, moored boats. Liberty men returned on board except James Hunt.

27th April 1847 – At single anchor, Callao roads. Later, at single anchor off Lorenzo.
0400 – Shortened cable to 13 fms.
Employed preparing for sea.
1030 – Observed HMS Collingwood bearing S by E.
1100 – Up boats.
1320 – Weighed and made all plain sail on port tack.
1415 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 3½ fms veered to 35 fms.

29th April 1847 – At single anchor off Lorenzo.
PM – Landed Marines and small arm men for exercise.

30th April 1847 – Off Lorenzo, then later at anchor at Callao roads.
1330 – Shortened in cable.
1400 – Weighed and made all plain sail standing for Callao Roads.
1500 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 6½ fathoms veered to 22 fms.
1630 – HMS Collingwood anchored.

3rd May 1847 – Single anchor at Callao roads.
AM – Employed variously and as requisite. Surveying officers came on board and surveyed Warrant Officers stores.
1600 – Arrived HM Ship Calypso.

14th May 1847 – Single anchor at Callao roads.
AM – Sent boats to tow HMS Naiad.
0745 – HMS SS Naiad anchored.
1730 – Mustered at quarters. Rec’d from Naiad, G. Charlesworth AB & G. Pearce AB, deserters.

20th May 1847 – At single anchor, Callao bay.
0430 – Shortened in cable.
0600 – Weighed and was taken in tow alongside Collingwood. (undergoing refit)

4th June 1847 – Single Anchor at Callao, later running for sea.
AM – Employed preparing for sea.
1315 – Weighed and made all plain sail.
Remainder – sailing details

6th June 1847 – Off San Lorenzo, then back to Callao Roads.
Sailing details
1000 – Shortened sail as requisite, following the Admiral to the Palominos Isles.
1245 – Hove to and Admiral came on board, filled and squared yards, altered course and trimmed as requisite.
1630 – Hove to, Admiral left the ship. Filled and made sail,
1930 – Shortened sail and came to in 5 fms veered to 18 fms, furled sails, down fore royal yards.

10th June 1847 – Callao Roads, and out to sea.
AM – Collingwood’s Launch came alongside with water, received 3 tons; completed to 34 tons.
0800 – Crossed fore royal yard & loosed sails. Employed preparing for sea.
1530 – Shortened in cable to 10 fms, waiting for wind.
1700 – Weighed and made all plain sail and stood out of Callao roads.
Remainder – Sailing details.

30th June 1847 – 15.19 N, 108.57 W.
Daylight – Found Jolly boat stove from seas washing into her and carrying away her lashings.
(force 8 gale by 8am)
PM – Heavy sea, ship pitching heavily.

6th July 1847 – Running into, and anchored at Mazatlan Roads.
AM - sailing details.
1240 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 13 fms veered to 54 fms. Furled sails. French man of war ‘Heroine’ anchored 6 or 8’
outside.

13th July 1847 – Single anchor at Mazatlan Roads.
PM – Sent cutter watering, Carpenters sawing plank & repairing jolly boat.
1700 – Obs’d a large ship in the offing, showed our pendants.
2030 – Ship in the offing burnt a blue light. Answered & showed position lights.
2100 – Down gig, Commander left the ship for steamer, burnt a blue light.
2200 – Burnt a blue  light.

14th July 1847 – At single anchor, Mazatlan Roads.
0240 – Commander returned, found ship in the offing to be HMS Constance.
Daylight – HMS Constance anchored at the outer anchorage.

17th July 1847 – Mazatlan Roads and standing out to sea.
0430 – Shortened in cable to 32 fms. Employed preparing for sea.
0850 – Shortened in cable to 24 fms, made all plain sail, weighed and stood out towards ‘Constance’.
1050 – Shortened sail and hove to under Constance’s stern. Commander went on board.
1110 – Commander returned on board, filled and made sail.
Remainder – sailing details.

21st July 1847 – Standing in to the Bay of Guayamas.
0530 – Obs’d the land nearing NNE. Altered course to NWW.
1355 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 3½ fms veered to 17 fm.

1st August 1847 – At single anchor, Guayamas.
0600 – Fort saluted General Compansano Comd. General on his arrival.
1000 – Mustered by divisions and read the articles of war, performed Divine service.
PM – Mr. Thomas Thomas, Clerk in charge paid ships company monthly allowance money for the month of July 1847.
1700 – Mustered at quarters & washed clothes. Ships company bathed.
Lost overboard by Hy. Small, Boy 1st Cl., Hammocks, one in number by neglect; lost overboard by James Waight, Gunners Mate,
hammocks one in number by accident.

2nd August 1847 – At single anchor, Guayamas Bay.
0600 – Punished A. Netherton (ord) with 48 lashes for highly mutinous and insubordinate conduct to the Commander and to Mr.
Sanford, Mate.

5th August 1847 – At single anchor, Guayamas Bay.
0800 – Crossed top gallant yards.
0930 – Mustered at quarters.
1020 – General Compansano came on board to return Commanders (?).

10th August 1847 – At single anchor, Guaymas.
0930 – Shortened in cable to 9 fms. Employed preparing for sea.
1300 – Weighed and made sail, working out of Guaymas.
1730 – Mustered at quarters, exercised a division at gun drill.
Remainder – sailing details.

12th August 1847 – Running in for Molaga Bay.
Sailing details.
1720 – Shortened sail and came to in 5 fms with BB veered to 20 fms.

14th August 1847 - Molaga Bay, then running for sea.
PM – Cutter watering. Sent 2nd Master to sound, employed variously.
1830 – Completed water.
1900 – Weighed and made sail.

16th August 1847 – Running into Guaymas and at single anchor.
Sailing details.
0750 –Shortened sail and came to in 3 fms with BB veered to 15 fms, furled sails.
1000 – Mustered at quarters, unbent small sails.

17th-25th August – Single anchor at Guaymas – Ship’s company employed fetching and stowing several tons of bread and coal.

25th August 1847 – Single anchor at Guaymas
0600 – Punished C. Mahony with 30 lashes for drunkenness and contempt.
AM – Employed preparing for sea and as requisite.

25th August 1847 – Single anchor at Guaymas and running for sea.
0800 – Crossed top gallant & royal yards. Loosed sails, hoisted the blue peter and fired a gun.
Employed variously and transporting side guns aft.
1000 – Mustered at quarters.
1030 – Up and in boats preparing for sea.
1330 – Weighed and made all plain sail working out of the bay.
Remainder – sailing details.

3rd September 1847 – Running into Mazatlan.
Sailing details.
1400 – Showed pendants to HMS Constance.
1615 – Shortened sails and came to with BB in 23 fms veered to 66 fms. Furled sails and down top gallant and royal yards.
Employed sending bread to Constance.

4th September 1847 – Mazatlan
Employed unloading and sending bread to ‘Constance’ & to the shore.
Sent specie received from the merchants at Guaymas amounting to 114,000 dollars to HMS Constance per order of Sir B. Walker.

5th September 1847 – At single anchor off Mazatlan.
1000 – Mustered by divisions and read the articles of war.
In consequence of Mr. T. Thomas, clerk in charge, having missed his watch out of his cabin a general search was made throughout the
ship. Employed overhauling bags, hammocks etc. Watch was not found.

6th September 1847 – At single anchor off Mazatlan.
1410 – Sailed HMS Constance.

16th September 1847 – At single anchor off Mazatlan.
0800 – Observed a sail in the offing.
0900 – Mustered at quarters. Regular heavy swell from the SW.
1130 – Exchanged pendants with HMS Constance
HMS Constance anchored 1630 the following day.

23rd September 1847 – At single anchor off Mazatlan and running for sea.
AM – Observed an American ship in the offing.
0900 – US Corvette ‘Portsmouth’ anchored.
PM – Supplying HMS Constance with coals.
1755 – Shortened in cable to 30 fms, made sail.
1900 – Observed Constance & Portsmouth weighing.
Remainder – sailing details.

24th – 25th September – sailing in company with HMS Constance.

26th September 1847 – In Company with ‘Constance’and standing on and off land near Chreston.
Made and shortened sail as requisite.
1330 – Commander waited on Senior Officer, tacked occasionally.
2000 – Commander returned, up boat.
2040 – Tacked, two sails in sight.

4th October 1847 – Running into, and at Single anchor, Guaymas.
0715 – Shortened sail and came to in 3 fms with BB.

5th October 1847 – At single anchor, Guaymas.
0930 – Mustered at quarters.
1000 – General Compansano came on board.

6th October 1847 – At single anchor, Guaymas & running out to sea.
0800 – Hoisted blue peter and fired a gun. Cutter watering, employed preparing for sea and as requisite.
1420 – Weighed and made all plain sail. Rec’d during our stay here on a/c of the merchants for Valparaiso & England, specie
amounting to 20,434$ estimate.
Remainder – sailing details.

13th October 1847 – At sea and running into Mazatlan.
Sailing details
1400 – Observed 2 vessels at the anchorage.
1600 – Hove to and sent a boat on shore.
1630 – Tacked, shortened sail and came to in 20 fms with BB veered to 69 fms. Furled sails.

21st October 1847 – Anchored at Mazatlan.
Midnight – Cutter returned with water and two of her crew absent without leave, Samuel Pankhurst (AB) & John McGee (AB).

22nd October 1847 – At anchor at Mazatlan, then running for sea.
0930 – Mustered at quarters. Employed preparing for sea, received specie on merchants account.
1420 – Weighed and made sail.
Remainder – sailing details.

26th October 1847 – Standing in for Mazatlan and at single anchor.
Sailing details.
1130 – Shortened sail and came to in 12¾ fathoms with BB veered to 43 fms. Furled sails.
PM – Employed as requisite. Sent cutter for water & bread, jollyboat for sand.

27th October 1847 –At single anchor, Mazatlan
PM –Rec’d J. Magee AB & Samuel Pankhurst AB, deserters from the shore.

1st November 1847 – At single anchor, Mazatlan.
PM- People employed as requisite.
1610 – US Store Ship ‘Erie’ anchored.
1700 –Mustered at quarters.

2nd November 1847 – At single anchor at Mazatlan and then to sea.
0800 – Crossed top gallant & royal yards, hoisted the blue peter & fired a gun.
Employed preparing for sea.
1330 – Shortened in cable to 19 fms.
1515 – Up boats.
1530 – Weighed and made sail on starboard tack. Observed US Store ship Erie weigh.

3rd November 1847 – 22.4 N, 106.1 W.
0900 – Mustered at quarters.
1000 – Examined Mr. Albert Dent, Naval Cadet, vouching his qualifications for Mid.
1130 – Punished S. Pankhurst with 36 lashes and J. Magee with 24 lashes for desertion from a boat whilst on duty.

5th November 1847 – Running into San Blas Roads.
(Overnight anchored with kedge)
0400 – Dark gloomy looking sea, ship dragging.
0415 – Weighed.
0930 – Sent gig on shore for despatches.
1340 – Shortened sail and came to in 9 fms with BB in San Blas Roads, veered to 60 fms.
1700 – Crossed yards, shortened in cable to 13 fms.
1830 – Made all plain sail.
1910 – Weighed.

8th November 1847 –Running into Mazatlan.
0940 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 15 fms veered to 42 fms. Furled sails. Employed variously.
PM – Mustered and told off armed Boats crews ready for landing.

10th November 1847 – Single anchor at Mazatlan.
AM – Got runners and tackles up, knocked the kedges out. Raked the foremast 1½ in every fathom and main mast ¾ inch in a fathom
(more details follow)..  
Noon – Three large vessels were observed in the offing to the north from the shore.
PM – Employed as in the forenoon, staying masts and setting up rigging.
1830 – US ships Congress, Independence, Cyan and store ship Erie arrived.
Congress anchored in the old port, Independence bearing the flag of Commodore Shubrick in the Olos Altos and Cyan inside Christon.

11th November 1847 – At single anchor at Mazatlan.
Observed US Corvette Cyan warp close in & spring her broadside to the town.
0715 – Commodore hoisted his flag at the main of US Frigate Independence and a flag of truce at the fore. Commander waited on
Commodore.
Arrived an American Schooner and a Dutch Schooner.
1300 – Observed the boats of the American Squadron manned and armed land and take possession of the town.
1330 – Observed the United States flag hoisted on shore. US Frigate Independence saluted flag.

15th November 1847 – At single anchor, Mazatlan.
AM – Sailed US Store ship Erie.
PM – Arrived US Store ship Southampton.

16th November 1847 – Single anchor at Mazatlan and running out to sea.
0800 – Crossed top gallant yards and employed preparing ship for sea.
1130 – Shortened cable to 18 fms.
1450 – Made sail.
1520 – Weighed and made sail on the starboard tack.
Observed a sail on Port beam.

18th November 1847 – On passage to San Blas.
Sailing details.
0945 – Wore, exchanged pendants with HMS Grampus. Exercised Marines and a division of small arm men.
1800 – Lowered gig and sent her on shore with dispatches for Consul.
2030 – Shortened sail and came to in 6 fms veered to 31.

28th November 1847 – At single anchor, San Blas, then running out to sea.
PM – Employed preparing for sea.
1530 – Weighed and made all plain sail.

2nd December 1847 – 17.1 N, 105.5 W.
1730 – Observed an island bearing NNW from 30 to 40 miles off. Supposed it to be Passion Rock from having passed within 30 miles
to the westward of its place on the tack on 1st July 1847 without seeing it. This island is high and peaked in several places.

18th December 1847 – 3.25 S, 107.2 W
1415 – Exchanged colours with an American Barque standing to the Southward.
1600 – One sail in sight.

18th January 1848 – Into Valparaiso Harbour.
0400 – Shortened in cable
0530 – Weighed and took ship in tow.
0630 – Came to with BB in 5½ fms veered to 24fms, bearing Baja Rock NW, Custom House cupola SSE.
0900 – Mustered at quarters, employed preparing for survey on Boatswains & Carpenters stores.

20th January 1848 – At single anchor, Valparaiso Bay.
AM – Caulkers from HMS Collingwood caulking ship outside. Employed transhipping specie to HMS Collingwood. Arrived US Ship Ohio.
PM – Employed as in forenoon. Mr A.B. Hodgkinson, Act. Mate joined having been lent to do duty from HMS Collingwood.

25th January 1848 – At single anchor and moored.
0400 – Shortened in cable.
0500 – Weighed and warped alongside the Achilles, Hulk.
0530 –Let go BB in 7 fms veered to 20fms. Laid kedge out astern. Employed clearing ship & preparing for heaving down.
PM – Employed as in forenoon clearing holds of tanks, ballast &c.
1800 – Sailed HMS Juno.
Lost shifting over from ship to hulk, hook chains, 7 in No.

28th January 1848 – Moored onto Hulk Achilles.
1600 – Sailed the US Ship Ohio.
Arrived the Barque Christina, this vessel was making 12 inches an hour having touched on a rock abreast of the Lighthouse & from the
Masters description apparently the same place the Spy struck. He was going about 7 knots with a fair wind and considering himself a
fair distance off shore & imagined he was imperceptibly set in by current.

4th February 1848 – Moored onto Hulk Achilles, Valparaiso
0400 – Departed this life Daniel Hunt, Sailmaker.
1720 – Weighed kedge, hauled off from hulk and weighed the bower, towed further out and came to in 7 fms veered to 35 fms.
Midnight – Sent the body of the deceased on shore.

5th February 1848 – At single anchor, Valparaiso.
1030 – Sent a party on shore to attend the funeral of the deceased.

22nd February 1848 – At single anchor, Valparaiso.
Noon – Ships in harbour fired a salute of 21 guns in honour of the birthday of General Washington.
Robert Rauns, RM, was brought on board by the Police having been away without leave 4½ days.
1830 – Arrived HMSV Samson.

25th February 1848 – At single anchor, Valparaiso.
0330 – It was discovered by the officer of the watch that Robert Rauns RM had escaped from irons & taken the jolly boat away from
the ship. Sent a boat and found the jolly boat alongside the rocks. Sent an officer on shore to the Police Office where R. Rauns was
discovered having been captured by the police on landing.
Lost by R. Rauns, Private RM, oars boat one in number to be charged against his pay by order of Commander.
1000 – Rear Admiral Sir George Seymour came on board and mustered ships company.
Mr Galbraith, Mid, went on shore without the Commanders leave and remained all night, being in direct disobedience of Commander’s
orders.

3rd March 1848 – At single anchor, Valparaiso
Disrated Mr Gilbraith Mid to Naval Cadet per order of the Comr. in Chief for disobedience of the orders of the Comr. as per logs of the
25th of February.

4th March 1848 – Valparaiso Harbour and working out to sea.
1000 – Shortened in cable.
1030 – Weighed and hung ship to the moorings.
1240 – Carried away moorings, let go BB in 20 fms veered to 48 fms.
1400 – Weighed and stood out of the bay.

20th March 1848 – At sea
2000 – Entered the straits of Magellan.

21st March 1848 – Straits of Magellan.
Sailing instructions.
1900 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 16 fms veered to 48 fms. Furled sails. (Boyea Bay).

22nd March 1848 - Straits of Magellan
0450 – Shortened in cable
0530 – Up anchor and made sail to single reefed topsail.
(Remainder – sailing instructions).

23rd March 1848 – Magellan Straits.
1100 – Punished Robert Raun RM with 48 lashes for deserting from his post when on duty & subsequently escaping from irons &
taking a boat from the ship.

24th March 1848 – Straits of Magellan.
0255 – Shortened sails and came to in 9 fms with BB in Port Famine, furled sails.
1100 – Arrived Merchant Brig John French of Rochester from England to Valparaiso.
1200 – Weighed and made sail.
1750 – Shortened sails and came to in 5 fms in Loredo Bay veered to 25 fms.

25th March 1848 – Straits of Magellan.
0830 – Shortened in cable to 18 fms.
1050 – Weighed and made all plain sail.

16th April 1848 – Running into Rio de Janerio.
Sailing instructions
20.20 – Came to in Rio de Janerio harbour with BB in 5 fms veered to 56 fms, furled sails.
Found lying here HMS Comus, HMS Albatross, HMSV Devastation, HM Packet Crane.

20th April 1848 – At single anchor, Rio de Janerio.
AM – Employed preparing for sea. Arrived HMSV Firebrand, shortened in cable to 42 fms.
1330 – Weighed and made all plain sail.
The logs are written in small script and in both directions across the page, so difficult to read. It seems however that the ship took the
ground and lost several hawsers and anchors trying to get off. Damage was not so great however that she had to return to port.

19th May 1848 – 21.2 N, 34.4 W
1215 – Observed a sail standing to the SW.
1250 – Shortened sail, hove to and lowered a Jolly boat. Sent an officer to communicate with an English Barque.
1310 – Boat returned, hove to, up boat, wore and made sail, Barque proved to be the ‘Caesar’ of London, 20 days from the Foreland
bound to Berbice, WI.

15th June 1848 – 50.2 N, 4.3 W.
0110 -  Observed the Eddystone Light.

17th June 1848 – Running into Spithead.
0700 – Shortened sail and came to in 7 fms at Spithead veered to 48 fms, furled sails. Found laying here HMS Vincent bearing the flag
of Adm Sir Charles Napier, Powerful & Prince Regent & Amphine.
1230 – Discharged Surgeon as per order. Sent Invalids to Hospital also sent James Buntin (sic.), Corporal of Marines & James Bowler
GR Cook to Hospital.
PM – Pilot took charge of ship. Weighed, made all plain sail, sails trimmed as req.

18th June 1848 – Running for Margate Roads.
PM – Tacked as requisite working for the anchorage in Margate roads.
1630 – Shortened sail and came to with BB in 12 fms veered to 55 fms.

19th June 1848 – Margate Roads, making for the Nore.
Pilot from Portsmouth refused to take charge of the ship. Hoisted Pilot Jack and fired a gun as signal.
0720 – Pilot from Margate came on board.
0740 – Shortened in cable, the Portsmouth Pilot having refused to take charge of the ship any further.
0950 – Weighed and made all plain sail, tacked as requisite making out of Margate roads through the Queens Channel.
1700 – Shortened sail, came to in 12 fms with BB veered to 50fms, found lying here HMS Trafalgar and Ganges, furled sails.

20th June 1848 – Anchored at the Nore, later running for Chatham.
0330 – Sailed HM B. Ranger.
0800 – Dressed ship in honour of the accession of HM Queen Victoria.
0900 – HMS Trafalgar and Ganges and ships in harbour fired a Royal salute.
1030 – Captain Elliott came on board and inspected the ship’s company.
1320 – Shortened in cable to 20 fms, required pilot
1430 – Weighed and made all plain sail running in for Sheerness.
1530 – Received a pilot for Chatham. Proceeded up the river in tow of the African steam tug.
1840 – Moored alongside the Hussar Hulk.

21st June 1848 – Moored alongside the Hussar Hulk.
Employed stripping ship, clearing holds and as most requisite.
0700 – Hoisted the guns out, getting shot &c into dockyard by returning stores &c.

22nd June 1848 – Moored alongside the Hussar Hulk.
Employed returning stores, running rigging &c. Sent a party to the dockyard to return stores.

24th June 1848 – Moored alongside the Hussar Hulk.
AM – Employed holystoning decks and cleaning ship throughout.
PM – Lost overboard by accident in shifting from ship to hulk, piston rod and guide of Massey’s patent.
1400 – Pay Clerks came on board and paid ship off.


Having been paid off from the Brigantine Spy at Sheerness in June 1848 (although absent in hospital at the time), Corporal James
Bunting returns to the Chatham HQ and is present there on the 2nd of April 1849 when he is promoted to Sergeant in the 25th
Company. There is then a period of six years of garrison duty ashore for Bunting at Chatham, during which time he adds to his family
with births of his daughters (Julia Ann in the summer of 1850, Sarah Emma in early 1852) and another son (David George in early
1854) - a pair of twins, Benjamin and Joseph, were born in early 1857.
On the 17th of November 1855 Sergeant Bunting joins the HMS Wellesley, a 3rd rate 70 gun ship that was originally named Boscawen
and had remained on the slip since its construction in 1844. The Wellesley is used in a training role at Chatham with Bunting being
involved in training the new men in musketry and small arms, an activity the log seems to mention on an almost daily basis.


HMS Wellesley, Chatham (log extracts)

Saturday 17th November 1855:-
Carpenters at the dock yard, holystoned deck, received fresh beef 456lbs, received one Sergeant from Headquarters.
11am – The Myrtle arrived with sick, sent cutter to land.

The log then mentions discharges, training, the movement of vessels up and down the Medway, transfers of men to Maidstone gaol,
promotions and fatigues the men are sent on for the next 3 months until on the 15th of February 1856 there is this extract:-

Friday 15th February 1856:-

Washed clothes and upper deck. Newly raised men and boys at cutlass drill. Commander mustered the Sappo & Wanderer. Discharged
to HQrs James Bunting, Sergeant.


The Wellesley was to be James Bunting’s last commission as he finished his 21 years service and was discharged to pension at the
Chatham HQ on the 2nd of October 1857. He remains in the Chatham area, the 1861 census for the Brompton district of Chatham
finding the 43 year old Bunting as a Greenwich pensioner living with his wife Julia (who was 45) and seven children (Mark, Julia A.,
Sarah E., David G., Benjamin, Joseph, and John Thomas who was born in early 1859).
Another child, William Charles was born into the family in the Spring of 1862.

James Bunting died on the 8th of February 1870 at the Melville Hospital, Chatham, of typhoid fever (10 days duration), he was 52
years old and had been working there as a nurse and Greenwich Pensioner.

From Census reports and certificates it appears that the following happened to his family:-

Julia Bunting (wife, nee Press), born in Cambridge , married 12th February 1836 at Cambridge, died at Chatham in late 1894 aged 80.

James Bunting (son), Born around 1837 in Cambridge, he attested into the RM as a drummer aged 12 on the 7th of March 1849 at
Chatham, described as 12y 6m old, 4ft 10¼ in tall, brown hair, blue eyes, fair complexion. James embarked on HMS Bittern on the
28th of August 1852 ranked as a Fifer and is shown as ‘Run with query’ at Hong Kong on the 6th of April 1855. Other sources state
he was ‘Discharged Dead’ on this date, so likely the ship received intelligence that he had died on shore. Bunting took part in the Pegu
campaign in Burma and is on the medal roll, but no delivery details are included.

Mark Bunting (son), Born at Chatham in early 1843, he was blinded in one eye some time after 1861 and was still living with his
mother in 1881 (listed as a baker). He died at Chatham aged 47 in early 1890.

Julia Ann Bunting (daughter) – Born at Chatham in 1850, married at Chatham in the last quarter of 1869 to James Thomas Hobbs.
She had 3 children by this marriage (James, Julia & Benjamin) and was widowed by 1881 when she is living with her mother.

Sarah Emma Bunting (daughter) – Born at Chatham in early 1852, married in June quarter of 1895.

David George Bunting (son) – Born at Chatham in early 1854, he became a tailor and was still with his mother, aged 27, in 1881.

Benjamin & Joseph Bunting – (twin sons) – Born in Chatham on the 10th of December 1855, Joseph enlisted into the RN as #86931,
his brother as #88439.
#86931 Joseph Bunting joined the RN as a Domestic 2nd Class on the 26th of May 1874 on HMS Pembroke, he went to HMS Daring in
November 1874 and was discharged from that ship, paid off, in May 1879. By 1881 he was a mate on a Rochester Barge called the
‘William’.
#88439 Benjamin Bunting joined the RN as a Domestic on the 13th of October 1874 on HMS Daring (with his brother), he was
discharged as ‘objectionable’ and of bad character on the 4th of March 1876. By 1881 he was working as an Ostler (horse attendant)
at the ‘Brewers Arms’ in Chatham.

William Charles Bunting (son) – Born at Chatham in the spring of 1862, he was an 18 year old printers apprentice in 1881 and living
with his mother.

John Thomas Bunting (son) – Born at Chatham in early 1859. He joined the Royal Marines and was a Marine in 1881 and a Sergeant at
Harwich in 1891 with his wife Isabella T. Bunting and his 2 daughters (Louisa E. & Alice S.).


References:

Service papers: ADM 157/28
Description book of HMS Ganges: ADM 37/9143
Logs of HMS Ganges: ADM 3700, 3720
Log of HMS Wellesley: ADM 38/6104
Log of HMS Spy:
FreeBMD & Census records
Bunting’s Death Certificate
James Bunting – Royal Marines
James Bunting was born in the Trinity district of Cambridge in around
April of 1816, sadly there is no record of this birth available at time of
writing, but we know something of Bunting’s life before his attestation
in the Royal Marines in 1836 due to a statement he gave in 1838:-

Gillingham, Kent.

The Examination of James Bunting, a Private Marine of the First or
Chatham Division of Royal Marines quartered in the parish of Gillingham
in the said county who (being duly summoned to appear before me
William Elers Esquire one of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the
said county to be examined vouching the place of his last legal
settlement in England and being duly sworn) on his oath saith:-

About four years ago* at the parish of All Saints in Cambridge I was
lawfully married to my wife Julia by whom I have one child named James
aged about two years who are both living with me in Gillingham. To the
best of my knowledge and belief I have never done any act whereby I
can have gained a settlement in my own right. I have been informed and
believe I was born in the parish of the Holy Trinity in the town of
Cambridge where I was living at the time of my earliest recollection. My
father Mark Bunting occupied a house in Cambridge. I believe in the
parish of Little Saint Mary in a place called Wellington Row for several
years – my mother has been dead about six years – my father left
Cambridge before I married, I have not heard of him since he left
Cambridge. My sister Emma Bunting lived in service in Cambridge the
last time I heard of her. My Uncle John Bunting lives in King Street,
Cambridge, he is a carpenter.

Sworn the 10th day of October 1838 before me – Signed William Elers.

(*The IGI shows that James Bunting married a Julia Press on the 12th
of February 1836 at All Saints Church, Cambridge – so James was
exaggerating his married time somewhat!)