George Edward Aldred was born in Kingston, Jamaica on the 24th of May 1816. His father was John Williams Aldred* who at that
time was a Major in the 6th Battalion of the 60th Rifles. The 6/60th were based at Stoney Hill, Jamaica at this time.
It would appear that George Edward was brought up in France for at least part of his life as he could speak and write French
fluently, and at the time of his application for the HEIC he noted his father as being ‘Major General Aldred, St. Omer, France’.
Crawford in his ‘Indian Medical Service 1615-1930’ at page 1138 (Madras Medical Service) states that he passed his BA in 1832.. I’
d be surprised by this as George was only 16 at that date. He did however pass his MD in Paris in 1841 as a copy of his paper and
thesis is printed in a book held at the Oriental and India Office Collections at the British Library, London.
La Premiere des auteurs, et la deuxième des matieres
A La Facultè de Medecine de Paris
Dans le cours de 1841
P231… George Aldred, 24 aout.
Thèse pour le doctorat en medecine presentee et soutenue le 24 Aout 1841 par George E. Aldred ne a la Jamaique.
1. Des complications du cancer du foic.
2. De la deliverance après les avortments, dans le trios premiers mois de le grossesse.
3. Des vaisseaux sanguins artèriels ed veineux, et des neuf qui fournissent des divisions au vagin.
4. Quels sont le agent chimiques de neutraliser le proprietès vènèneuses des sec d’agent?
Dedicated to: A mon bon et excellent père puisse ce faible travail te prouver ma vive reconnaissance pour tous les nombreux
sacrifice que tu n’as cessè de faire pour moi.
There then follows 28 pages of complex medical jargon for his thesis dealing will these 4 questions.
Having passed his MD, Aldred then completes his MRCS in Paris before going to London to practice at the London Hospital.
He was recommended to the Honourable East India Company by James Campbell Esq. and sits an examination on the 3rd of March
1847. He takes with him a copy of his diploma and a letter from W.T. Fewhill, Cupper to the London Hospital stating that ‘This is to
certify that Dr. Aldred is an expert and dextrous cupper, he having had numerous opportunities of performing the operation whilst
at the London Hospital’ – this is dated the 27th of February 1847. Having passed his exam, and been recommended for the
Madras establishment he then signs his name to a document to seal his appointment..
To the Honourable the Court of Directors of the East India Company.
The humble Petition of George Edward Aldred M.D.
That your Petitioner has applied himself with great diligence to the Study and Practice of Surgery, and is desirous of proceeding to
the East-Indies as an Assistant Surgeon. He therefore humbly solicits your Honour’s permission for that purpose, being ready to
give such Security as your Honours may require.
Your Petitioner further declares upon his honour, to the best of his knowledge and belief, that not any Person has received, or is to
receive, any pecuniary consideration, or any thing convertible, in any mode, into a pecuniary benefit, on account of his Nomination,
either now or hereafter; and that he is fully aware, that if it should be hereafter discovered that his Appointment has been obtained
by purchase, or any unlawful means, as above recited, he will be dismissed, and rendered ineligible to hold any situation in the
Company’s Service again.
Your Petitioner further declares, that he has actually read all the Interrogatories connected with his Nomination, and that the
several answers thereto are in his own handwriting; and finally that, to the best of his knowledge and belief, his Certificates are
perfectly correct, and that he believes the several signatures are in the proper handwriting of those Persons who have annexed
their names thereto.
And finally, your Petitioner is aware that he is required, as a condition of his Appointment, to subscribe to the Military or Medical
Retiring Fund at his respective Presidency, and to the Military Orphan Society if appointed to Bengal.
And your Petitioner will ever pray.
(signed) George Edward Aldred MD
Aldred is duly appointed an Assistant Surgeon in the Madras Medical Service on the 20th of April 1847. Having sailed out to India
the researcher has to relay on the India Army Lists to trace his career..
Extracts from India Lists:-
1848 (2) – Asst. Surgeon, seniority 20th April 1847, with 2nd Madras European Regt. (then at Tricinopoly).
1849 – Listed as a ‘casualty’, being dismissed the service on 31st July 1848.
The Court Martial was published under General Order of the 27th of July 1848. No records of this case exist at the OIOC, so the
reasons behind it are just guesswork. However there must have been some appeal as he is re-instated and restored to rank,
sentence remitted on the 15th May 1849.
1850 – Re-instated, seniority as of 20th April 1847, with ‘Centre Div.’
1851 – With ‘Centre Div.’
1852 (2) – With Madras Horse Artillery, E Troop @ Bangalore.
1852 (yearly) – At Zillah Ganjam
1853 – With 18th MNI (joined them 30th October 1852). At that time the 18th MNI were at Berhampoor.
Now – at some point between leaving the MHA at Bangalore and joining the 18th MNI, Assistant Surgeon Aldred takes a trip to
Burma during the qualifying period of the 2nd Burma War (Pegu campaign). He appears on the roll of the Bombay Marine ship
Zenobia (L/Mil/5/54 p97) along with Asst. Surgeons James Bain, J. Betts & John Crawford and Surgeons Richard Hosken and M.T.
Kays. As the Zenobia was used in towing the troop transports from Bombay to off the Burmese coast and then up the river to
Rangoon and Prome it is a fair assumption that Aldred was used to treat the troops in transit, but as yet this is unproved.
Certainly however he does not appear on any other roll for any other unit.
1854 – With 18th MNI
1855 – With 18th MNI (unit arrived in Burma in February 1854)
1856 – Joined 25th MNI on 31st May 1855, unit in Burma.
1857 – Joined 15th MNI on 20th December 1856, unit in Burma.
1858 – At Masulipatam.
1859 – On Furlough.
1860 – On Furlough
1861 (Jan) – On Furlough.
1861 (Jul) – Gone from lists. (Retired from Service, 26th November 1860)
Aldred is also elected as a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS) in 1859.
It is possible that his furlough and retirement has something to do with the death of his father who he plainly loved, as can be
witnessed by his testimonial on his thesis for his doctorate. To date I have failed to find any evidence of his life after his retirement.
* John Williams Aldred – 60th Rifles.
Lieutenant - 17th August 1897
Captain - 19th November 1800
Major - 1st December 1812
On Half Pay List from 25th December 1818
Lt. Colonel – 19th July 1821
Colonel – 10th January 1837
Major General – 9th November 1846
Lieut. General – 20th June 1856
War services – ‘Served in the 60th Foot during the war at the Cape of Good Hope and West Indies’.
Died 12th March 1858 at 5 Eaton-place South, Middlesex leaving his estate (effects under £5000) to his wife, Caroline. Death
notice in the TIMES of 15th March 1858.
WO 12/7084, 6th Bn. KRRC @ Stoney Hill, Jamaica, 5th Company Commander until around May 1810.
Crawford – Indian Medical Service 1615-1930 p1138, Madras Medical Service.
Assistant Surgeons application papers, OIOC, L/Mil/9/931
|George Edward Aldred- Surgeon - Madras Medical Staff