Archibald Hamilton Campbell
8th Bengal Irregular Cavalry
Archibald Hamilton Campbell was born on the 17th of December, 1823, the fourth son of Colin Campbell of Colgrain,
Dumbarton a West India merchant, and Janet Miller, the elder daughter of John Hamilton of North Park. He was
nominated as a cadet in the Bengal Infantry on the 25th of May, 1841 and sailed to India on board the Scotia on the 6th
of July, arriving on the 30th of December, 1841.
Commissioned as an Ensign in the 9th B.N.I. on the 25th of August, 1841. Promoted to Lieutenant on the 1st of January,
1845 and appointed Adjutant on the 29th of May, 1850. Promoted Bevet Captain on the 25th of August, 1856, and Captain
on the 23rd of November of the same year. Promoted Major on the 25th of August, 1861 and admitted to the Bengal Staff
Corps and promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel on the 23rd of August, 1864.
Lieutenant Campbell served in the Crimea as Acting Adjutant General of Division in the Turkish Contingent under General
Vivian, with the local rank of Captain in Turkey from March of 1855 to the 1st of August, 1856. For his services he was
awarded the Turkish Crimean Medal (un-named as issued) and was awarded the 4th Class Order of the Mejhidieh by the
Sultan of Turkey. (Note that the officers of in the Turkish Contingent did not qualify for the British Crimea medal.)
Captain Campbell served as Major of Brigade at Allahabad and was engaged at Munseeta on the 5th of January, 1858,
under Brigadier W. Campbell. He was mentioned in Brigadier Campbell’s Dispatch of the 22nd of January, 1858 for his
services during the engagement.
On September 25, 1858, Captain Campbell was ordered to serve as Second in Command of the 8th Bengal Irregular
Cavalry. As was customary, he continued to hold his rank with his regiment, the 9th B.N.I., but was posted to the 8th
Irregular Cavalry. As the Commandant of the 8th Irregular Cavalry, Major J. F. Richardson was then serving as the
Commandant of the Bengal Yeomanry Cavalry, Captain Campbell commanded the 8th I.C. during the entire campaign in
Oudh in 1858-59. He was present at the capture of the town and fort of Sandee on the 24th of October, 1858. For his
services during the Indian Mutiny, he received the Indian Mutiny medal named to the 8th Irregular Cavalry. Archibald
Campbell continued to serve with the 8th I.C. the remainder of his military career.
Archibald Campbell returned to England in 1864 and retired from service with the Bengal Army. On the 25th of June,
1868, he married Mary Agnes Kirwan, the eldest daughter of Charles Lionel Maitland Kirwan of Dalgin Park, Galway
and Gelston Castle, County Kirkcudbright.
Lt.-Colonel Campbell and his wife lived at Kirkland, Thornhill, Dumfreisshire, Scotland. He died there on the 14th of
March, 1897, at the age of 73, leaving an estate of 10,139 pounds. He was survived by his wife and his son Charles
Lionel Maitland Campbell.